Johann Horkel (8 September 1769 in Burg auf Fehmarn – 15 November 1846 in Berlin) was a German physician and botanist.

From 1787 he studied medicine at the University of Halle, where in 1802 he was named an associate professor. From 1804 to 1810 he served as a full professor of medicine at Halle, afterwards relocating to Berlin, where he spent the rest of his career as a professor of plant physiology.[1][2] In 1800/01 he was editor of the journal Archiv für die thierische Chemie,[3] and for a period of time, was an editor of the Deutsches Archiv für die Physiologie.[4]

He was an uncle and a significant influence to the career of botanist Matthias Jakob Schleiden.[5] The botanical genera Horkelia (Cham. & Schltdl.) and Horkeliella (Rydb.) commemorate his name,[6] as does the fish species Rhinobatos horkelii (Brazilian guitarfish).[1]


  1. ^ a b Sharks: An Eponym Dictionary by Michael Watkins, Bo Beolens
  2. ^ Lexicon der schleswig-holstein-lauenburgischen und eutinischschen ... by Eduard Alberti
  3. ^ Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Volume 36 by Henry Carrington Bolton
  4. ^ Deutsches Archiv für die Physiologie, Volume 1
  5. ^ Biography of Matthias Jakob Schleiden at Who Named It
  6. ^ The Names of Plants by D. Gledhill
  7. ^ International Plant Names Index.  Horkel.