Johann Friedrich Naumann

Johann Friedrich Naumann (14 February 1780 – 15 August 1857) was a German scientist, engraver, and editor. He is regarded as the founder of scientific ornithology in Europe. He published The Natural History of German Birds (1820–1844) and The Eggs of German Birds (1818–1828). His father Johann Andreas Naumann (1744–1826) was a naturalist, and his brother Carl Andreas Naumann (1786–1854) was also an ornithologist.

Johann Friedrich Naumann
Johann Friedrich Naumann.png
Prof. Dr. Johann Friedrich Naumann
Born(1780-02-14)14 February 1780
Died15 August 1857(1857-08-15) (aged 77)
Resting placeProsigk
Coordinates: 51°42′N 12°3′E / 51.700°N 12.050°E / 51.700; 12.050

The German ornithological society named its journal Naumannia. The lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) is also named for him.


Johann Friedrich Naumann was born in Ziebigk, about 10 km southeast of Köthen, on 14 February 1780, as the son of Johann Andreas Naumann, a well-known natural historian. After attending school at Dessau, he returned home and devoted himself to the study of agriculture, botany, geology, and ornithology. His later work was devoted more exclusively to the ornithology of Germany. In 1822 he published his Naturgeschichte der Vögel Deutschlands (13 vols, Leipzig (1822), illustrated with plates Naumann engraved himself.[1] He was also the author of many other ornithological works.[2]

In 1821, Naumann sold his bird collection to Frederick Ferdinand, Duke of Anhalt-Köthen for 2,000 Taler. He was appointed curator of the ducal collection in the Ferdinandsbau in Schloss (Castle) Köthen, which has been accessible to the public since 1835.


  1. ^ Albus, Anita (2011). On Rare Birds. Greystone Books. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-55365-477-3.
  2. ^ Charles Anderson Dana, George Ripley (1861). The New American Cyclopaedia: A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge. New York: Appleto1. pp. 131.


  • Wilhelm Heß: ADB Vol. 23. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1886, p. 315
  • Paul Gottschalk: Johann Friedrich Naumann, in: Mitteldeutsche Lebensbilder, Vol. 1, Lebensbilder des 19. Jahrhunderts, Magdeburg 1926, pp. 65–70.


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