Open main menu

Johann David Schoepff

Johann David Schoepff

Johann David Schoepff,[1][2][3] or Schoepf,[4] or Schöpf, (March 8, 1752 – September 10, 1800) was a German botanist, zoologist, and physician.

He was born in Bayreuth and travelled to New York in 1777 as the chief surgeon for the Ansbach regiment of Hessian troops fighting for King George III of the United Kingdom.

During the revolutionary war Schoepff was stationed in Rhode Island. Determined to study the Americas as a scientist once the war ended, he travelled for two years in the United States, British East Florida, and the Bahamas.

Diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) Tab. XV (1793)

He returned to Europe in 1784, where he worked for a time at the United Medical Colleges of Ansbach and Bayreuth. His North American observations are recorded in Travels in the Confederation [1783–1784], which first appeared in English translation in 1911. In 1792, he wrote Historia testvdinvm iconibvs illvstrata (A Natural History of the Turtles, Illustrated with Engravings), illustrated by Friedrich Wilhelm Wunder.


  • Materia medica Americana potissimum regni vegetabilis . Lloyd Library, Cincinnati, Ohio 1903 (reproduction of the edition from 1787) Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Schoepff, Johann David (1792). Historia testvdinvm iconibvs illvstrata [Illustrated History of the Turtles] (in Latin).
  • Schoepff, Johann David (1792). Naturgeschichte der Schildkröten: mit Abbildungen erläutert [Natural History of Turtles: with Illustrations] (in German). Illustrated by Friedrich Wilhelm Wunder. Digital reproduction Zentral- und Landesbibliothek Berlin:


  1. ^ Rhodin, Anders G.J.; van Dijk, Peter Paul; Inverson, John B.; Shaffer, H. Bradley (2010-12-14). "Turtles of the world, 2010 update: Annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution and conservation status" (PDF). Chelonian Research Monographs. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-17.
  2. ^ Fritz, Uwe; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of chelonians of the world" (PDF). Vertebrate zoology. 57 (2). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-01.
  3. ^ A check list of North American amphibians and reptiles (1917) by Leonhard Stejneger and Thomas Barbour
  4. ^ Travels in the Confederation 1783-1784 Journal of Johann David Schoepf

External linksEdit