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Johann Andreas Buchner (6 April 1783, Munich – 5 June 1852, Munich) was a German pharmacologist working in the area of alkaloids. He was the father of pharmacologist Ludwig Andreas Buchner (1813–1897).

He studied at Johann Bartholomäus Trommsdorff's pharmaceutical institute in Erfurt, obtaining his PhD in 1807. In 1809 he became Oberapotheker of the Zentral-Stiftungs-Apotheke for hospitals in Munich. In 1818 he was appointed an associate professor of pharmacy, medical formula instruction and toxicology at the University of Landshut, where he later became a full professor of pharmacy (1822). When the university relocated to Munich, he moved back to his home town, where he lived and worked until his death.

He is credited with isolating salicin from willow bark (1828)[1] and the discovery of berberine (from the root bark of Berberis vulgaris).[2]



  1. ^ [1] Analogue-Based Drug Discovery II by János Fischer, C. Robin Ganellin
  2. ^ [2] New remedies: the method of preparing and administering them; their effects ... by Robley Dunglison


  • "Buchner, Johann Andreas", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 3, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1876, p. 487
  • Pettenkofer, Max (1852). "Buchner's Tod". Neues Repertorium für die Pharmacie.
  • Buchner, L. A. (1887). "Zum 104. Geburtstage von Johann Andreas Buchner". Archiv der Pharmazie. 225: 889. doi:10.1002/ardp.18872252001.
  • Günter Kallinich (1955), "Buchner, Johannes Andreas", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 2, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 706–706