Joaquim Augusto Mouzinho de Albuquerque

Joaquim Augusto Mouzinho de Albuquerque (November 12, 1855 in Batalha, Quinta da Várzea – January 8, 1902 in Lisbon) was a Portuguese cavalry officer. He captured Gungunhana in Chaimite (1895) and pacified Mozambique. He was a grandson of Luís da Silva Mouzinho de Albuquerque.[1]

Joaquim Augusto Mouzinho de Albuquerque
Mouzinho a.jpg
Interim Governor of Portuguese India
In office
1889–1889
MonarchCarlos I of Portugal
Preceded byAugusto César Cardoso de Carvalho
Succeeded byCouncil of Government
Counsellor of Government of Portuguese India
In office
1889–1889
MonarchCarlos I of Portugal
Preceded byHimself
Succeeded byVasco Guedes de Carvalho e Meneses
Governor-General of Portuguese Mozambique
In office
1896–1897
MonarchCarlos I of Portugal
Preceded byJoaquim da Graça Correia e Lança
Succeeded byBaltasar Freire Cabral
Personal details
Born12 November 1855
Batalha, Kingdom of Portugal
Died8 January 1902 (1902-01-09) (aged 46)
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
NationalityPortuguese
Signature
Military service
AllegiancePortuguese Empire
Branch/serviceArmy
RankLieutenant-coronel

CareerEdit

 
Mouzinho de Albuquerque in 1897
 
With his wife, 1898

Having served in India during the 1880's, Mouzinho de Albuquerque was highly respected in Portuguese society of the 19th and 20th centuries. He was seen as the hope and symbol of Portuguese reaction to threats against Portuguese interests in Africa from other European empires.

He married his cousin Maria José Mascarenhas de Mendonça Gaivão (Lagoa, July 23, 1857 –Lisbon, September 2, 1950), without issue.

He was governor of Gaza Province and Mozambique until 1898 when he returned to Portugal. During his time as governor, Mouzinho served as commander of a cavalry squadron that fought Gungunhane. On December 28, 1895, Mouzinho captured Gungunhane in Chaimite without firing a gunshot.[2]

He was the instructor of Crown Prince Luís Filipe.

He allegedly committed suicide at the entrance of the Jardim das Laranjeiras in Lisbon on January 8, 1902 (some sources claim he was killed).[citation needed]

HonoursEdit

 
Equestrian statue at Maputo's Fortress
 
Mouzinho de Albuquerque on a Portuguese 20 escudo note issued in the 1940s

He was depicted in a 20 Portuguese escudo note issued in the 1940s.[3]

MemorialEdit

The Rotunda da Boavista, also known as the Praça de Mouzinho de Albuquerque, honors the soldier.[4]

WorksEdit

  • O Exercito nas Colonias Orientais, (Military of the Eastern Colonies) Minerva Commercial, 1893.
  • Relatório sobre a prisão do Gungunhana, Lourenço Marques, Typ. Nacional, 1896.
  • A prisão do Gungunhana (Gungunhana Prison), Lourenço Marques, Typ. Nacional de Sampaio e Carvalho, 1896.
  • Campanha contra o Maguiguana nos territórios de Gaza em 1897 (Campaign Against Maguiguana in the Territories of Gaza (Mozambique) in 1897, 1897.
  • Providências... desde 1 de Dezembro de 1896 até 18 de Novembro de 1897 (Providences.. Since 1 December 1896 to 18 November 1897), Lisbon, Imp. Nacional, 1898.
  • Moçambique 1896-1898 (Mozambique 1896-1898), Lisbon, Manoel Gomes, 1899.
  • Entre mortos, carta inédita de Mouzinho de Albuquerque a sua Alteza o Príncipe Real D. Luis de Bragança, Lisbon, Tip. "A Editora", 1908.
  • Livro das campanhas (Books on Campaigns), Lisbon, Div. de Publicações e Bibliotecas, 1935.
  • Mouzinho de Albuquerque : a renúncia do Comissário Régio, Lourenço Marques, Minerva Central, 1953.
  • Pensamento e acção de Mouzinho em Moçambique : antologia, Lisbon, Gráf. Boa Nova, 1956.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Portuguese Noble Annual: 2006", António Luís Cansado de Carvalho de Matos e Silva, Dislivro Histórica, 1st edition, Lisbon, 2006, vol. III, p. 1274
  2. ^ Azevedo, Mario; Emmanuel Nnadozie; Tomé Mbuia-João (2003). Historical dictionary of Mozambique (2nd ed.). Lanham, Md. [u.a.]: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810837927.
  3. ^ http://zescudo.blogspot.pt/2010/11/20-escudos-chapa-5-ouro.html
  4. ^ Sofia Baptista. "Mouzinho de Albuquerque Square". localporto.com/. Local POrto. Retrieved November 22, 2015.

Further readingEdit

  • "Mouzinho de Albuquerque - História e Genealogia" ("Mouzinho de Albuquerque - History and Genealogy"), Fernando de Castro Pereira Mouzinho de Albuquerque e Cunha, Author's Edition, 1st ed., 1971, vol.I, p. 188-200

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Augusto César Cardoso de Carvalho
Interim governor of Portuguese India
1889
Succeeded by
28th Council of Government of the State of India, which included
himself, António Sebastião Valente, Joaquim Borges de Azevedo Enes and José Inácio de Brito
Preceded by
himself
Council of Government of the State of India
1889
with António Sebastião Valente, Joaquim Borges de Azevedo Enes and José Inácio de Brito
Succeeded by
Vasco Guedes de Carvalho e Meneses
Preceded by
Joaquim da Graça Correia e Lança
Governor-general of Mozambique
1896-1897
Succeeded by
Baltasar Freire Cabral