The Jinan Military Region was a PLA Military Region located in the east of the People's Republic of China, covering the Shandong and Henan Provinces, which also formed military districts. It appears that Yang Dezhi was one of the first commander of the Jinan MR, from 1958[citation needed]. It was considered a strategic reserve. It included some of the area previously within the Wuhan Military Region, which was disbanded in 1985–88.

Jinan Military Region
Zhao Zongqi

The 5th Air Corps was established in Weifeng, Shandong Province, in 1952, possibly from the disbanding 11th Corps, but was moved to Hangzhou in the Nanjing Military Region by 1954.[1]

After 1975 the 46th Army was transferred from Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province to Linyi, Shandong. It was disestablished in 1985.[citation needed] There were previously three Group Armies within the Region, the 20th Group Army at Kaifeng, the 26th Group Army at Weifang, and the 54th in Xinxiang. It previously included the now disbanded 67th Group Army.

The Jinan Military Region was disbanded in the reorganisation of 2015–16, being split between the Northern Theatre Command and the Central Theatre Command.

Jinan Military Region
Jinan Military Region (highlighted)
Simplified Chinese济南军区
Traditional Chinese濟南軍區

Structure edit

In 2006, the International Institute for Strategic Studies attributed the formation with 190,000 personnel, including two armoured divisions, one mechanised infantry division, three motorised infantry divisions, one artillery division, one armoured brigade, one mechanised infantry brigade, four motorised infantry brigades, two artillery brigades, three anti-aircraft brigades, and an anti-tank regiment.[2]

In the Military Balance 2014, the IISS listed the Jinan Military Region Air Force as consisting of the 5th Aviation Division, with two attack regiments; the 12th Fighter Division, with three fighter regiments; the 19th Fighter Division, with two fighter and one training regiment; the 32nd Aviation Division with one fighter and one training regiment; a Flight Instructor Training Base; and four surface-to-air missile battalions. (IISS 2014, 238).

Commanders and commissars, 2010-2015 edit

  • Zhao Zongqi (Commander), since November 2012
    • Wang Jun (Deputy Commander), since December 2011
    • Ji Wenming (Deputy Commander), since July 2014
    • Liu Zhigang (Deputy Commander), since December 2014
    • Zhang Ming (Chief-of-Staff), since December 2014
  • Du Hengyan (Political Commissar), since July 2010
    • Lü Jiancheng (Deputy Political Commissar), since July 2010
    • Wu Shezhou (Political Department Director) since December 2014

Nickname edit

Organizations affiliated with the Jinan Military Region often used the nickname "vanguard" (Chinese: 前卫; pinyin: qiánweì; lit. 'front guard'), including the Vanguard Performance Troupe (Chinese: 前卫文工团) and the Vanguard Newspaper (Chinese: 前卫报).

Notes edit

  1. ^ Allen RAND 2002, 444.
  2. ^ IISS Military Balance 2006
  3. ^ Blasko, The Chinese Army Today: Tradition and Transformation for the 21st Century, 2013, p.93.

References edit