Jervine is a steroidal alkaloid with molecular formula C27H39NO3 which is derived from the plant genus Veratrum. Similar to cyclopamine, which also occurs in the genus Veratrum, it is a teratogen implicated in birth defects when consumed by animals during a certain period of their gestation.
(2'R,3S,3'R,3'aS,6'S,6aS,6bS,7'aR,11aS,11bR)-2,3,3'a,4,4',5',6,6',6a,6b,7,7',7'a,8,11a,11b- Hexadecahydro-3-hydroxy-3',6',10,11b-tetramethyl-spiro[9H-benzo[a]fluorene- 9,2'(3'H)-furo[3,2-b] pyridin]-11(1H)-one
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||425.60 g/mol|
|Solubility||10 mg/mL in EtOH|
6 mg/mL in DMF
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Mechanism of actionEdit
Jervine's biological activity is mediated via its interaction with the 7 pass trans membrane protein smoothened. Jervine binds with and inhibits smoothened, which is an integral part of the hedgehog signaling pathways. With smoothened inhibited, the GLI1 transcription cannot be activated and hedgehog target genes cannot be transcribed.