Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II
Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II (November 5, 1830 – September 3, 1893) was a French-American military officer who served in the United States Army and later in the French Army. He was a member of the American branch of the Bonaparte family.
Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II
|Born||November 5, 1830|
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
|Died||September 3, 1893 (aged 62)|
Prides Crossing, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Allegiance|| United States|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||United States Army (1852–1854)|
French Army (1854–1871)
|Rank|| Second Lieutenant (US)|
Lieutenant Colonel (France)
|Unit||Regiment of Mounted Riflemen|
3rd US Cavalry
7th (French) Dragoons
1st African Chasseurs
Dragoons of the Empress
|Battles/wars||French conquest of Algeria|
Second Italian War of Independence
|Awards||Crimea Medal. Officer of the Légion d'honneur|
He was born in Baltimore, Maryland on November 5, 1830. He was the eldest son of the French-American Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte (1805–1870) and his wife, the former Susan May Williams (1812–1881). His younger brother was Charles Joseph Bonaparte, who served as the United States Attorney General and Secretary of the Navy under Theodore Roosevelt.
His paternal grandparents were Jérôme Bonaparte, who reigned as King of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813, and his first wife, the American heiress Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte. Through his grandfather, he was the grandnephew of Emperor Napoleon, who died in 1821. His maternal grandparents were Sarah (née Copeland) Morton Williams and Benjamin Williams, who helped found the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the first railroad company in the United States.
Bonaparte resigned from the U.S. Army in August 1854 to serve in the army of his first cousin-once-removed, Emperor Napoleon III. A few weeks later, he was commissioned as a lieutenant of dragoons in the French Army. He fought in the Crimean War, Algeria, the Italian campaign, and the Franco-Prussian War, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. For his services, he was the recipient of the decoration of the Medjidie Order from Abdulmejid I, the Sultan of Turkey, the Crimea Medal from the Queen of England, and was made a knight of the Légion d'honneur.
Upon his return to the United States, he married Caroline Le Roy Appleton Edgar (1840–1911), daughter of Samuel and Julia Appleton, and widow of Newbold Edgar. Caroline was also the granddaughter of American statesman, Daniel Webster. Together, they were the parents of two children:
- Louise-Eugénie Bonaparte (1873–1923), who married Count Adam Carl von Moltke-Huitfeld (1864–1944) in 1896.
- Jerome Napoleon Charles Bonaparte (1878–1945), who married Blanche Pierce Strebeigh, daughter of Edward and Emily Pierce of Newtonville, Massachusetts, and former wife of Harold Strebeigh of Hewlett, New York, in 1914, no issue.
Had his family not been excluded, he would have been first in line to the Bonaparte succession from 1873, and would have succeeded in 1879.
- "JEROME BONAPARTE DEAD.; He Was a Grand Nephew of the Great Napoleon, and Was a Distinguished Soldier" (PDF). The New York Times. 5 September 1893. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- "Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, Jr.". Handbook of Texas. Retrieved 2017-10-29.
- Deutsch, Alexandra (2016). A Woman of Two Worlds: Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte. Maryland Historical Society. ISBN 9780996594431. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Lester, Charles Edwards; Williams, Edwin (1852). The Napoleon Dynasty: Or, The History of the Bonaparte Family. An Entirely New Work. Cornish, Lamport & Company. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Allen Johnson (dir.), Dictionary of American Biography, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 10 + 1 + 1 volumes, 1937–1964, volume 1 (Abbe — Brazer), 660 pages + 613 pages, entry « Bonaparte, Jerome Napoleon » (1830–1893) page 429 (part 2 of volume 1 : Barsotti — Brazer) by T. M. S. (Thomas Marshall Spaulding).
- Macartney, Charles Edward, and Dorrance, Gordon, The Bonapartes in America, Dorrance and Company, Philadelphia, 1939.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jérôme Napoleon Bonaparte II.|