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Jeremiah Tower (born 1942) is an American celebrity chef who, along with Alice Waters and Wolfgang Puck, has been credited with pioneering the culinary style known as California cuisine. A food lover from childhood, he had no formal culinary education before beginning his career as a chef.
1942 (age 75–76)|
Harvard Graduate School of Design
|Occupation||Chef and restauranteur|
Early life and educationEdit
Tower was born in 1942, in Stamford, Connecticut. The son of a managing director of an international film sound equipment company. He was educated at Saint Ignatius' College, Riverview in Sydney, Australia; Parkside School, Surrey, England; Loomis Chaffee, Connecticut. He went to college at Harvard University earning a B.A. and then completed his M.A. at Harvard Graduate School of Design.
After earning a master's degree in Architecture from Harvard University, he had intended to pursue design of underwater structures in Hawaii, because of his obsession with finding the lost city of Atlantis. After his grandfather died, Tower, who was used to being taken care of and supported, found himself out of money and in need of employment.
Inspired by a berry tart he had eaten at the then-unknown Chez Panisse restaurant in Berkeley, California, he applied for a job there in 1972. Alice Waters and her partners hired him for his demonstrable skills and brazenness when it came to recreating great French traditional food. Within a year, he became an equal partner with Waters and the others. He was in full charge of the kitchen, the writing of the menus, and the promotion of the restaurant.
Tower left Chez Panisse in 1978, after philosophical and business disagreements with the majority of the Board and with Waters in particular (she and they rejected his idea to open a Panisse Cafe). He worked at the Ventana Inn at Big Sur beginning 1978, and taught briefly in 1980 at the California Culinary Academy.
He went on in 1981 to revive the dying Balboa Cafe in San Francisco, at the time, the restaurant was owned by Cathe and Doyle Moon. In 1982, he became head chef at Santa Fe Bar and Grill, located in Berkeley, California and also owned by the Moons. Santa Fe Bar and Grill was a restaurant that was later a springboard for fellow Chez Panisse-alum, Mark Miller, to open the Coyote Cafe in Santa Fe, New Mexico and a string of Southwestern-themed restaurants throughout the United States.
In 1984, Tower opened his own restaurant, Stars, in San Francisco, in partnership with Cathe and Doyle Moon. Stars was among the top-grossing restaurants in the Bay Area. Tower opened branches of Stars restaurant in Oakville (Napa Valley), Palo Alto, Manila, and Singapore. Numerous American chefs worked at Stars, among them Mark Franz (Farallon), Mario Batali, George Francisco (Voodoo Bacon), Mark Gaier and Clark Frasier (Arrows', MC Perkins Cove) Loretta Keller (Bizou/Coco500), Joey Altman (Bay Cafe/Wild Hare), Michael Shrader (N9NE), Brendan Walsh (Arizona 206, Elms Inn), Chris Colburn (The Chanticleer, Dalvay by the Sea), and Ron Garrido (Avalon in Eureka), as well as pastry chefs Tim Grable, Emily Luchetti, and Jerry Traunfeld.
He owned the Peak Cafe in Hong Kong in the 1990s, as well as various related ventures in San Francisco including a more casual cafe, an upscale bistro, and a kitchenware shop. As his fame grew he licensed his name out, and began to earn celebrity endorsement contracts, including one for Dewar's Scotch. In 1998, Tower sold a part interest in the Stars restaurants to a Singapore real estate company. The new owners closed the Stars restaurants after two years of operation.
Tower moved to Manila, Philippines for a year, then to New York City for four years, followed by a move to Italy and then Mexico. In 2014, he was hired as executive chef of Tavern on the Green in New York City, but he left in April 2015, after six months.
In 2016, the biographical documentary Jeremiah Tower: The Last Magnificent, by Anthony Bourdain and Zero Point Zero productions, premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival. The 100-minute film was bought by The Orchard for US distribution in the spring of 2017. On November 12, 2017 the film was broadcast on CNN.
In 2017, Tower appeared on Top Chef, the Rick Stein TV show “Road to Mexico” for BBC, the CRAVE wine and food festival, Spokane, Washington, guest of honor at Chef’s Roll, Miami Beach, and as a judge at the Basque Culinary Center World Awards, Mexico City.
A list of previous restaurants Tower was associated with.
- Chez Panisse, Berkeley, California, worked here from 1972 –1978;
- La Ventana Inn and Spa, Big Sur, California, worked here from 1978;
- Balboa Cafe, Fillmore district, San Francisco, California, worked here from 1981–1982;
- Santa Fe Bar and Grill, Berkeley, California, worked here from 1982–1986;
- Stars Restaurant, Civic Center neighborhood, San Francisco, California, operated from 1984 –1999, sold in 1998 to Andrew Yap but Tower stays on as creative consultant;
- Stars Cafe, Civic Center, San Francisco, California, operated from 1988–1998, located near the original Stars location but more casual;
- Stars Restaurant, Palo Alto, California, operated from 1995 –1997;
- Stars Restaurant, Oakville, California, operated from 1993–1997;
- J.T.'s Bistro, San Francisco, California, operated from 1996–1997;
- Speedo 690 Restaurant, San Francisco, California, operated from 1989–1991;
Awards and honorsEdit
Tower's first book, New American Classics, won a James Beard Foundation Award in 1986 for "Best American Regional Cookbook".
- Tower, Jeremiah (1986). Jeremiah Tower's New American Classics. Harper & Row. ASIN B001L1528C.
- Tower, Jeremiah (2002). Jeremiah Tower Cooks: 250 Recipes from an American Master. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-1584792307.
- Pellaprat, Henri-Paul; Tower, Jeremiah (2003). The Great Book of French Cuisine: Revised Edition. Vendome Press. ISBN 978-0865652316.
- Tower, Jeremiah (2003). America's Best Chefs Cook with Jeremiah Tower. Wiley. ISBN 978-0471451419.
- Frasier, Clark; Gaier, Mark; Alexander, Max (2003). The Arrows Cookbook: Cooking and Gardening from Maine's Most Beautiful Farmhouse Restaurant. Foreword by Jeremiah Tower. Scribner. ASIN B0058M5ADC.
- Villas, James (2004). Stalking the Green Fairy: And Other Fantastic Adventures in Food and Drink. Foreword by Jeremiah Tower. Wiley. ISBN 978-0471273448.
- Tower, Jeremiah (2004). California Dish: What I Saw (and Cooked) at the American Culinary Revolution. Free Press. ISBN 978-0743228459.
- Tower, Jeremiah (2016). Table Manners: How to Behave in the Modern World and Why Bother. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 978-0374272340.
- Tower, Jeremiah (2017). Start the Fire: How I Began A Food Revolution In America. Harper Collins. ISBN 978-0062498434.
- Price, Todd A. (February 3, 2017). "3 reasons to know Jeremiah Tower: the chef who changed America". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Kim Severson (September 29, 1999). "The Rise and Fall of a Star: How the King of California Cuisine Lost an Empire". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
- LLC, New York Media (9 May 1988). "New York Magazine". New York Media, LLC. Retrieved 16 December 2017 – via Google Books.
- "Jeremiah Tower Sells Part Stake in Stars". San Francisco Chronicle. June 11, 1998.
- Farrell, Patrick (April 22, 2015). "Jeremiah Tower Leaves Tavern on the Green". The New York Times.
- Pedersen, Erik (April 14, 2016). "The Orchard Plates Gastro-Doc 'Jeremiah Tower: The Last Magnificent' – Tribeca". Deadline.com.
- "He's the most influential chef you haven't heard of. Meet America's 1st celeb chef & "father of American cuisine" on #JeremiahTower tomorrow at 9ppic.twitter.com/tovYo70WlC". Twitter. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- "TONIGHT: JEREMIAH TOWER The Last Magnificent premieres at 9:00pm Eastern and Pacific on CNN". Cnnpressroom.blogs.cnn.com. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- "Jeremiah Tower, a Forgotten Father of the American Food Revolution". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2018-06-10.
- "Jeremiah Tower Sells Part Stake in Stars". SFGate. Retrieved 2018-06-10.
- Filloon, Whitney (December 14, 2016). "Critics Weigh In on Chef Jeremiah Tower's Etiquette Book, 'Table Manners'". Eater.
- MacAlister, Katherine (October 5, 2016). "Legendary US chef Jeremiah Tower is coming to Oxford thanks to Don Sloan". The Oxford Times.
- "Jeremiah Tower: The Last Magnificent". Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown. 12 November 2017. CNN.
- Riley, John (27 April 2017). "Chef de Résistance: An interview with Chef Jeremiah Tower". Metro Weekly.
- Food Programme. "The Chef Who Vanished - The Story of Jeremiah Tower". BBC Radio 4. Retrieved June 27, 2017.