Jean Nouvel (French: [ʒɑ̃ nuvɛl]; born 12 August 1945) is a French architect. Nouvel studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and was a founding member of Mars 1976 and Syndicat de l'Architecture, France’s first labor union for architects. He has obtained a number of prestigious distinctions over the course of his career, including the Aga Khan Award for Architecture (for the Institut du Monde Arabe which Nouvel designed), the Wolf Prize in Arts in 2005 and the Pritzker Prize in 2008.[1][2][3][4] A number of museums and architectural centres have presented retrospectives of his work.[5][6]

Jean Nouvel
Jean Nouvel 2009 Vienna frontal.jpg
Jean Nouvel in 2009
Born (1945-08-12) 12 August 1945 (age 77)
NationalityFrench
Alma materÉcole nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
OccupationArchitect
AwardsAga Khan Award for Architecture (Arab World Institute),
Pritzker Prize,
Wolf Prize in Arts,
Praemium Imperiale
PracticeAteliers Jean Nouvel
BuildingsArab World Institute, Paris,
Culture and Congress Centre, Lucerne,
Guthrie Theater, Minneapolis,
Torre Agbar, Barcelona,
Musée du quai Branly, Paris, Fondation Cartier, Paris
ProjectsPhilharmonie de Paris (2012),
Louvre Abu Dhabi (2017)

Family and educationEdit

Nouvel was born on 12 August 1945 in Fumel, France. He is the son of Renée and Roger Nouvel, who were teachers. When his father became the county's chief school superintendent, his family moved often. His parents encouraged Nouvel to study mathematics and language but when he was 16 years old he was captivated by art when a teacher taught him drawing. Although he later said he thought that his parents were guiding him to pursue a career in education or engineering, the family reached a compromise: he could study architecture, which they thought was less risky, as a profession, than art.[4]

When Nouvel failed an entrance examination at the École des Beaux-Arts of Bordeaux, he moved to Paris, where he won first prize in a national competition to attend the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts. From 1967 to 1970, he earned his income as an assistant to architects Claude Parent and Paul Virilio, who, after only one year, made him a project manager in charge of building a large apartment complex.[4]

Nouvel and the filmmaker Odile Fillion have two sons: Bertrand, a post-doctorate computer scientist working at Mindstorm Multitouch in London, and Pierre, a theater producer and designer at his company, Factoid. With his second wife, Catherine Richard, Nouvel has a daughter, Sarah. His third wife, Lida Guan, is a Chinese architect who worked with Nouvel.[7] He is currently living with Mia Hägg, a Swedish architect whose practice, Habiter Autrement (HA), is based in Paris.[4]

PracticeEdit

By age 25, Nouvel completed school and entered into his own partnership with François Seigneur. Early in his career, Nouvel became a key participant in intellectual debates about architecture in France: in 1976, he co-founded the Mars 1976 movement, a backlash against corporatism in architecture, and, a year later, the Syndicat de l'Architecture. For 15 years, he designed exhibits for the Biennale de Paris,[5] where he made contacts in the arts and theater.[4] Nouvel was one of the organizers of the competition for the rejuvenation of the Les Halles district (1977) and, in 1980, founded the first Paris architecture biennale.

In 1981, Nouvel, together with Architecture-Studio, won the design competition for the Institut du Monde Arabe (Arab World Institute) building in Paris, whose construction was completed in 1987 and brought Nouvel international fame. Mechanical lenses reminiscent of Arabic latticework in its south wall open and shut automatically, controlling interior lighting as the lenses' photoelectric cells respond to exterior light levels.[4]

Nouvel had three different partners between 1972 and 1984: Gilbert Lezenes, Jean-François Guyot, and Pierre Soria. In 1985, with his junior architects Emmanuel Blamont, Jean-Marc Ibos and Mirto Vitart, he founded Jean Nouvel et Associés. Then, with Emmanuel Gattani, he formed JNEC in 1988. In 1994, he founded Ateliers Jean Nouvel, his present practice, with Michel Pélissié. Today, it is one of the largest architectural practices in France. Its main office in Paris employs 140 people. In addition, Ateliers Jean Nouvel has site offices in Rome, Geneva, Madrid, and Barcelona. The company is working on 30 active projects in 13 countries.[4] As well, Nouvel designed a flacon for L'Homme, an Yves Saint Laurent fragrance, in a limited edition launched in 2008.[8] In 2012, he designed the So So collection for American furniture manufacturer Emeco.[9]

Pritzker PrizeEdit

Nouvel was awarded the Pritzker Prize, architecture's highest honour, in 2008, for his work on more than 200 projects,[10] among them, in the words of The New York Times, the "exotically louvered" Arab World Institute, the bullet-shaped and "candy-colored" Torre Agbar in Barcelona, the "muscular" Guthrie Theater with its cantilevered bridge in Minneapolis, and in Paris, the "defiant, mysterious, and wildly eccentric" Musée du quai Branly (2006) and the Philharmonie de Paris (a "trip into the unknown" c. 2012).[3][10]

Pritzker points to several more major works: in Europe, the Cartier Foundation for Contemporary Art (1994), the Culture and Convention Center in Lucerne (2000), the Opéra Nouvel in Lyon (1993), Expo 2002 in Switzerland and, under construction, the Copenhagen Concert Hall and the courthouse in Nantes (2000); as well as two tall towers in planning in North America, Tour Verre in New York City and a cancelled condominium tower in Los Angeles.[4]

In its citation, the jury of the Pritzker prize noted:

Of the many phrases that might be used to describe the career of architect Jean Nouvel, foremost are those that emphasize his courageous pursuit of new ideas and his challenge of accepted norms in order to stretch the boundaries of the field. [...] The jury acknowledged the 'persistence, imagination, exuberance, and, above all, an insatiable urge for creative experimentation' as qualities abundant in Nouvel's work.[4]

Architectural styleEdit

In its biographical sketch of Nouvel, the Pritzker site quotes Bill Lacy's One Hundred Contemporary Architects: "Since the beginning of his architectural career in the 1970s, [Nouvel] has broken the aesthetic of modernism and post-modernism to create a stylistic language all his own. He places enormous importance on designing a building harmonious with its surroundings."[11]

"I am often presented as an architect of ‘French high tech,’" Nouvel said, in a talk he gave in Milan in April 1995. "I would like to begin by explaining what I mean by the term modernity: Modernity is alive, it is not some historical movement that was interrupted a few decades ago. Modernity is making the best use of our memory and moving ahead as fast as we can in terms of development."[12]

Writing in The Architectural Review, Andrew Ayers quoted Nouvel's 1980 aperçu, "The future of architecture is no longer architectural," by which the architect meant that "rather than remaining a closed discipline, as it seemed to be in the technocratic France of the time, ‘architecture needed to seek its sources in the culture of today, in other disciplines’, and fully embrace the nature of the society of which it was the ultimate expression." Noting cinema's influence on Nouvel as well as the architect's affinity for postmodern philosophy, he added, "At its best, when [Nouvel] doesn’t overdo it, his is an approach that can enchant with its theatrical blurring of boundaries, its poetic feeling for atmosphere and its light-hearted play with signs and signifiers: the winking mechanical mashrabiyas of the Institut du Monde Arabe, the tree-filled mise en abyme of the crystalline Fondation Cartier, or the pluie de lumière that filters through the intricate metal-mesh dome of the Louvre Abu Dhabi."[13]

"At his boldest, Nouvel is at the edge of what" the postmodern philosopher and media theorist Jean Baudrillard "called 'the sparkle and violence of American cities,'" wrote Amelia Stein, in The Guardian. "Both critics and admirers have commented that he eschews a formal language and, in a 2008 profile, the New York Times wrote that Nouvel’s work lacks even a 'readily apparent common sensibility.' 'They’re very right to say that,' Nouvel says, with quiet intensity, then a smile. 'I’m very proud of that. I’m not a painter or a writer; I don’t work in my room, I work in different cities with different people. I’m more akin to a movie-maker who makes movies on completely different subjects. To reduce style to the adoption of a formal language is such a short-sighted vision that if anybody is reproaching me for this, I would reproach their reproach.'”[14]

ProjectsEdit

 
Monolith for Expo.02 (2002) in Switzerland
 
Tower 25, Nicosia, 2011

Nouvel has designed a number of notable buildings across the world, the most significant of which are listed below. As part of the announcement of Nouvel's Pritzker Prize, the Hyatt Foundation, which awards the prize, published a full illustrated list of Nouvel's architectural work, including projects which were never built, projects in construction, and designs for which construction has yet to start.[15][16] In 2001, the director Beat Kuert filmed a documentary about five of Nouvel's projects, titled Jean Nouvel.

Notable worksEdit

Under constructionEdit

  • The Sharaan resort in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to be carved into a sandstone hill in the AlUla desert.[30]
  • The Central Park redevelopment plan in Sydney will see 11 new buildings in partnership with architects such as Norman Foster to recreate an abandoned brewery occupying almost four inner-city blocks. Nouvel's 120-meter One Central Park is his first project in Australia, and will feature a cantilevered mirror hanging over the central square off of the side of the building.
  • The Stelios Ioannou Learning Resource Center is an under construction project for the University of Cyprus in Nicosia. The project is expected to be completed in 2019.[31]
  • In November 2006, Hines commissioned Nouvel to build a new 82-story tower, named first the Tour de Verre, later to become 53W53, next to the Museum of Modern Art in Midtown Manhattan. The supertall tower, which topped out in 2018, contains luxury apartments; three floors (2nd, 4th, and 5th) are used by MoMA, expanding its exhibition space.[32] At 1,050 feet tall, it ties with the New York Times building and the Chrysler Building, noted Curbed, as the city’s sixth tallest building.[33]

ProposedEdit

  • Nouvel is one of the architects involved in the designing of the new Slussen in Stockholm.[34]
  • In February 2008, Nouvel agreed to design a 45-story luxury condo tower in upscale Century City section of Los Angeles. The tower will be of modern design—it is designed to maximize views of the Los Angeles Country Club from the units and is opposed by both homeowners associations in Beverly Hills for the shadows it will cast on many small homes and its next door neighbor, Beverly Hills High School.[35]

Abandoned projectsEdit

  • 1989 – The Tour Sans Fins (Office/High-Rise) at La Défense, France, was never realized. Nouvel's winning design, proposed as Europe's tallest building in 1989, was to change ground up from granite, followed by aluminum, stainless steel and finally glass—"increasingly diaphanous before disappearing into the sky".[4]
  • 2003 – The Carnegie Science Center addition by Nouvel in Pittsburgh was never realized. Nouvel's winning design ended up being too expensive and Nouvel's contract was terminated by the Carnegie Science Center, citing a "dramatic difference between the budget for the project and the estimated cost."[36]
  • On Tuesday 27 May 2008 Nouvel's design won the contest for the upcoming Tour Signal in La Défense.[37]

Awards and honorsEdit

Nouvel and the buildings which he designed have received a number of distinctions during his career, the most prestigious of which are listed below.

Individual distinctionsEdit

Distinctions for projectsEdit

RetrospectivesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Aga Khan Award for Architecture; The Fourth Award Cycle, 1987–1989". Aga Khan Development Network. Archived from the original on 15 March 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
  2. ^ a b "THE 2005 Wolf Foundation Prize in the Arts". Wolf Foundation. Archived from the original on 14 September 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
  3. ^ a b c Robin Pogrebin (30 March 2008). "French Architect Wins Pritzker Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Media Kit announcing the 2008 Pritzker architecture Prize Laureate" (PDF). The Hyatt Foundation. 31 March 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Press release for a 2001–2002 retrospective of Nouvel's work" (PDF). Centre Pompidou. 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2008.. A shorter version in English is also available.
  6. ^ a b Alain Adam (Winter 2006). "Not all Sweetness and Light at Quai Branly". State of Art (8). Archived from the original on 10 March 2008.
  7. ^ ANDREW AYERS (2 November 2018). "Jean Nouvel (1945-)". architectural-review.com. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  8. ^ Slenske, Michael (20 March 2008). "Pocket Rocket". Advance Publications via Men.Style.com. Archived from the original on 24 March 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2008.
  9. ^ "so so". Jean Nouvel Design. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
  10. ^ a b "Nouvel wins top architect's prize". BBC News. 31 March 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  11. ^ Lacy, Bill (1991). One Hundred Contemporary Architects. Harry N. Abrams. pp. page/263. ISBN 0810936615.
  12. ^ Nouvel, Jean (1997). Jean Nouvel: Architecture and Design 1976-1995. Skira editore. pp. page/11. ISBN 9788881182107. OCLC 925910774.
  13. ^ Ayers, Andrew (November 2, 2018), "Jean Nouvel (1945-)", The Architectural Review. Retrieved September 5, 2022
  14. ^ Stein, Amelia (May 15, 2015), "Jean Nouvel: 'Architecture is still an art, sometimes'", The Guardian. Retrieved September 5, 2022
  15. ^ "Project List – 2000–2007 – Ateliers Jean Nouvel" (PDF). The Hyatt Foundation. 31 March 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  16. ^ "The Pritzker Architecture Prize 2008 Presented to Jean Nouvel" (PDF). The Hyatt Foundation. 31 March 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  17. ^ "Photos at archiseek.com". Archived from the original on 31 August 2004. Retrieved 28 September 2004.
  18. ^ "Photo". Galinsky.com. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  19. ^ Torre Agbar at Structurae
  20. ^ CNN Go Seoul's best museums Archived 28 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine 27 October 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011
  21. ^ "Copenhagen Concert Hall project description". Danmarks Radio website. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2009.
  22. ^ Mindlin, Alex (11 February 2007). "After a 37-Year Run, a Roadside Venus to Be Veiled". The New York Times.
  23. ^ Ouroussoff, Nicolai (15 March 2010). "At the Corner of Grit and Glamour". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
  24. ^ "Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2010 by Jean Nouvel". Serpentine Galleries. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  25. ^ "Flying High in Qatar".
  26. ^ "Le nouvel hôtel de ville – Portail Ville de Montpellier". Ville de Montpellier.
  27. ^ "Philharmonie de Paris".
  28. ^ Culot, Maurice (2015). Charleroi : d'Arthur Rimbaud à Jean Nouvel : 150 ans d'imaginaire urbain. Lola Pirlet, Yves Marchand, Romain Meffre. Bruxelles: Archives d'architecture moderne. ISBN 978-2-87143-302-6. OCLC 922306191.
  29. ^ Torne, Ángel (31 October 2018). "LA MARSEILLAISE, GREAT TRICOLOR SKYSCRAPER BY JEAN NOUVEL". Metalocus.es/en. Marseille: Metalocus. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  30. ^ "Luxury resort carved into rock in Saudi desert". CNN. December 2020.
  31. ^ "Συνεχής ενημέρωση για το πλαίσιο λειτουργίας της Βιβλιοθήκης κατά την περίοδο μετεγκατάστασης στο νέο κτήριο Κέντρο Πληροφόρησης – Βιβλιοθήκη "Στέλιος Ιωάννου"". University of Cyprus Library. University of Cyprus Library. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  32. ^ Ouroussoff, Nicolai (15 November 2007). "Next to MoMA, a Tower Will Reach for the Stars". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  33. ^ Walker, Ameena (14 June 2018). "Jean Nouvel's 82-story MoMA tower tops out". Curbed. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  34. ^ "Arkitektstjärnor slåss om Slussen". Dagens Nyheter. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  35. ^ Vincent, Roger (7 February 2008). "New heights of luxury in Century City". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 4 March 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
  36. ^ Lowry, Patricia (14 May 2003). "Science center drops French architect as price outraces budget". post-Gazette.com. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  37. ^ Lebow, Arthur (6 April 2008). "The Contextualizer". The New York Times. p. 4; excerpt, "...a skyscraper that Nouvel (adapting a term from the artist Brâncuși) called the "tour sans fins," or endless tower. Conceived as a kind of minaret alongside the squat, monumental Grande Arche de La Défense, the endless tower has taken on some of the mystique of Mies van der Rohe's unbuilt Friedrichstrasse glass skyscraper of 1921. To obscure its lower end, the tower was designed to sit within a crater. Its facade, appearing to vanish in the sky, changed as it rose, from charcoal-colored granite to paler stone, then to aluminum and finally to glass that became increasingly reflective, all to enhance the illusion of dematerialization.".
  38. ^ List of winners of the Équerre d'Argent, Groupe Moniteur.
  39. ^ "Design Awards 2010: the winners". Wallpaper. 12 January 2010. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2010.

External linksEdit