Jean-Baptiste Gaut (1819–1891) was a French Provençal poet and playwright from Aix-en-Provence. He was a chief advocate of the Provençal language and the Félibrige movement. He was known as "Félibre Gaut."
|Born||April 2, 1819|
|Died||July 14, 1891|
|Occupation||Poet, newspaper editor, library director|
|Children||1 son, 2 daughters|
Jean-Baptiste Gaut was born on April 2, 1819 in Aix-en-Provence, France. His father, Jean-Joseph Gaut, was an arquebus manufacturer. His mother, Marguerite Bastienne Berthon, was the daughter of armourer Jean Berthon.
Gaut was encouraged to write poetry in Provençal by a friend, Joseph Desanat. He first wrote poetry for Lou Bouil-Abaïsso, a literary journal started by Desanat. In 1852, Gaut was a co-author in a collection of poems in Provençal with Joseph Roumanille. That same year, they organised a conference to promote Provençal poetry in Arles, followed by a similar conference a year later, in 1853. Those conferences were the precursors to the Félibrige movement, founded in 1854 by Roumanille and Frédéric Mistral. Meanwhile, Gaut founded Le Gay-Saber, a Provençal literary review, which only published 17 issues. Later, he published poetry in Armana Prouvençau.
Beyond poetry, Gaut wrote two plays in Provençal. His first play, Lei Mourou, was performed in Forcalquier in 1875. He went on to write two opéra comiques, which were performed in Sorgues en 1881.
He died on July 14, 1891 in Aix-en-Provence.
- Sounet, souneto e sounaio (poems, 1874).
- Lei Mourou (1875).
- La bèn-vengudo (1887).
- Lou mau d'amour (1881).
- Blanco-flour de Vau-Claro o L'amour enrabia (1881).
- Emma Robert, Le Félibre Gaut, histoire d’un héros provençal, L'Express, Archives 2013/2014
- Aix-en-Provence Historical Society: Jean-Baptiste GAUT (1819 - 1891): "Le Félibre"
- Jean-Baptiste Gaut (1819-1891), Bibliothèque nationale de France
- Google Map