Other browser vendors needed to overhaul their interpreters to compete. Apple developed the Nitro engine for its Safari browser, which had 30% better performance than its predecessor. Mozilla leveraged portions of Nitro to improve its own SpiderMonkey engine. Opera replaced its interpreter with the Carakan engine, which was twice as fast in some cases.
- SpiderMonkey is developed by Mozilla for use in Firefox and its forks. The GNOME Shell uses it for extension support.
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- Safari 5 Released
- Stachowiak, Maciej (November 9, 2008). "Companies and Organizations that have contributed to WebKit". WebKit Wiki. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
- Belfiore, Joe (2020-01-15), New year, new browser – The new Microsoft Edge is out of preview and now available for download, Microsoft
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