A Jathedar (Punjabi: ਜਥੇਦਾਰ) of a Jatha with authority to protect a village in history. Among the Sikhs, a Jathedar is an ordained leader of the clergy and leads a Takht, a sacred and authoritative seat.

Sikh clergy consists of five Jathedars, one each from five takhts or sacred seats. The Jathedar of Akal Takht makes all the important decisions after consultations with the Jathedars of the other four Takhts. The highest seat of the Sikh community is called Akal Takht.

HistoryEdit

During the 18th century, Jathedars of Takhts were appointed by the Sarbat Khalsa, a biannual deliberative assembly of Sikhs held at Amritsar in Panjab.

From 1921, Jathedars of Takhts have been appointed by Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC), an elected body of the Sikhs controlled by Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD), a political party in the state of Punjab and an ally of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

In November 2015, the Sikhs appointed four interim Jathedars through the traditional Sarbat Khalsa at Chabba village on the outskirts of Amritsar, Panjab. Some 100,000 [1] to 500,000 Sikhs attended the event from around the world. A few Sikh organizations did not attend and refused to recognize the resolutions of the event. The congregation of Sarbat Khalsa 2015 dismissed the SGPC Jathedars and appointed interim Jathedars for Akal Takht, Damdama Sahib and Anandpur Sahib.

Jathedars of Akal TakhtEdit

Acting Jathedars of Akal TakhtEdit

Jathedars of Budha DalEdit

Jathedars of Hazur SahibEdit

1. Bhai Santokh Singh (1709-1715)

2. Bhai Khushal Singh (1715-1722)

3. Bhai Laal Singh (1722-1730)

4. Bhai Bakhtawar Singh (1730-1736)

5. Bhai Charat Singh (1736-1786)

6. Bhai Mohar Singh (1786-1793)

7. Bhai Raam Singh (1793-1804)

8. Bhai Dharam Singh (1804-1812)

9. Bhai Charat Singh (1812-1817)

10. Bhai Sahib Singh (1817-1818)

11. Bhai Aaya Singh (1818-1824)

12. Bhai Jassa Singh (1824-1839)

13. Bhai Isher Singh (1839-1841)

14. Bhai Waryam Singh (1841-1844)

15. Bhai Tara Singh (1844-1858)

16. Bhai Atar Singh (1858-1867)

17. Bhai Prem Singh (1867-1875)

18. Bhai Deva Singh (1875-1876)

19. Bhai Brij Singh (1876-1877)

20. Bhai Jawahar Singh (1877-1883)

21. Bhai Naanu Singh (1883-1890)

22. Bhai Maan Singh (1890-1913)

23. Bhai Daya Singh (1913-1914)

24. Bhai Hari Singh (1914-1919)

25. Bhai Hira Singh (1919-1945)

26. Bhai Bahadur Singh (1945-1946)

27. Bhai Hira Singh (1946-1950)

28. Bhai Harnaam Singh (1950-1956)

29. Bhai Joginder Singh (1956-1984)

30. Bhai Hajoora Singh (1984-2000)

31. Bhai Kulwant Singh (2000-Present)

Jathedars of Damdami TaksalEdit

  • Guru Gobind Singh
  • Baba Deep Singh
  • Bhai Gurbax Singh
  • Bhai Soorat Singh
  • Bhai Gurdas Singh
  • Bhai Sant Singh
  • Sant Daya Singh
  • Sant Giani Bhagovan Singh
  • Sant Harnam Singh Bedi
  • Sant Bishan Singh
  • Sant Giani Sundar Singh Bhindranwale
  • Sant Gurbachan Singh Bhindranwale
  • Sant Kartar Singh Bhindranwale
  • Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale
  • Baba Thakur Singh Bhindranwale
  • Baba Harnam Singh Khalsa


  1. ^ "What sounds like a religious schism in Punjab could be a cry for better political leadership". The Economist. 28 November 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2016.