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Jaroslav Šabata (2 November 1927 – 14 June 2012) was a Czech political scientist, psychologist, and dissident during Czechoslovakia's Communist era. A leading dissident based in Brno, Šabata was a signatory of Charter 77 in 1977.[1] He served as the spokesman of Charter 77, the organization named for the document, from 1978 to 1981.[1]

Sabata was born in Dolenice, South Moravian Region, Czechoslovakia, on 2 November 1927.[1] He taught psychology at present-day Masaryk University throughout the 1950s and 1960s.[1]

Šabata joined the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia in the aftermath of World War II.[2] He became a prominent government supporter of the Prague Spring in 1968.[2] He left the party in 1969, soon after the Prague Spring was crushed by the Soviets, and resigned from his political positions.[1] He founded Communists in Opposition, a dissident group, during the early 1970s.[1][2] He was twice jailed for his opposition to the government as a political prisoner for a total of seven years:[2] The first from 1971 to 1976, after founding Communists in Opposition, and again from 1978 to 1981, after signing Charter 77.[1]

He was a signatory of the Charter 77 manifest and served as the groups spokesperson from 1978 to 1981, even as he was imprisoned during the same years.[1][2]

Šabata re-entered politics after the 1989 Velvet Revolution and the Fall of Communism in Czechoslovakia. He represented the Civic Forum (OF), a Czechoslovak anti-authoritarian movement formed during the Velvet Revolution.[1] He was elected as a deputy to the Federal Assembly of Czechoslovakia, which continued to exist until the county's dissolution in 1993. He also served as a Minister Without Portfolio in the government of Czech Republic Prime Minister Petr Pithart, another Charter 77 signer, within the Civic Forum from 1990 to 1992.[1] (The Czech Republic was still an internal region within Czechoslovakia during this time)

Following the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia, Šabata became a member and foreign policy adviser to the Czech Social Democratic Party.[1]

Jaroslav Šabata died in Brno, Czech Republic, on 14 June 2012, at the age of 84.[1][2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Former dissident Jaroslav Šabata dies aged 84". Prague Monitor. 2012-06-15. Archived from the original on 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Former dissident Jaroslav Šabata dies aged 84". Radio Prague. 2012-06-14. Archived from the original on 2012-06-21. Retrieved 2012-07-07.