The Jardins de Métis, also known in English as the Reford Gardens, is an English-style garden located at Grand-Métis, Quebec.[1] Originally private, the gardens were opened to the public in 1962.[2] The gardens were designated a Canadian National Historic Site in 1995[1] and as a Quebec heritage site by the Ministry of Culture and Communications of Quebec in 2013.[3]

Jardins de Métis

Description

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The property covers about 18 hectares (45 acres). The gardens contain approximately 3,000 plant varieties.[4] Thanks to its location near the confluence of the St. Lawrence and Mitis Rivers, the site has a favourable microclimate which allows plants to grow here that are found nowhere else in Canada.[1]

An International Garden Festival has been held here every year since 2000. The festival features contemporary gardens designed by landscape architects and designers from around the world.[5]

Estevan Lodge, also known as the Villa Reford or Villa Estevan, is a heritage building which was formerly Elsie Reford's summer home. It was built in 1887 and expanded by her in 1926 and 1927, and restored in 2003. Currently it is used as a dining room and also houses temporary exhibits.[6][7]

History

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The gardens were developed by Elsie Reford between 1926 and 1958. The site was originally a fishing lodge owned by George Stephen, Reford's uncle[1] who later gave the property to Reford. While she was recovering from surgery, her doctor suggested that she take up gardening as a less strenuous alternative to fishing.[2]

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References

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  1. ^ a b c d "Jardins de Métis National Historic Site of Canada". Canada's Historic Places. Parks Canada.
  2. ^ a b "History". Jardins de Métis.
  3. ^ "Jardins de Métis". Patrimoine culturel du Québec (in French). Ministère de la Culture et des Communications Québec.
  4. ^ "Reford Gardens". Official tourist site of the Gouvernement du Québec.
  5. ^ "Festival: 2014 Edition". Jardins de Métis.
  6. ^ "Estevan Lodge: A Historic House at the heart of the Gardens". Jardins de Métis.
  7. ^ "Villa Estevan". Patrimoine culturel du Québec (in French). Ministère de la Culture et des Communications Québec.
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48°37′48″N 68°07′34″W / 48.630°N 68.126°W / 48.630; -68.126