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Jacques (Jack) Cattell (2 June 1904 in Garrison, New York – 19 December 1961 in Scottsdale, Arizona) was an American publisher and founder of a company bearing his name, "Jacques Cattell Press, Inc.," based in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.[1][2]

Jacques Cattell Press, Inc.Edit

The Science Press

There were two well-known psychologists in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, James McKeen Cattell, Ph.D. (1860–1944) and his daughter Psyche Cattell, EdD (1893–1988).
Alexander Graham Bell (1847–1922) and Thomas Edison (1847–1931) began a publication called Science in about 1880. Science failed twice before James McKeen Cattell resurrected it in 1895. Cattell established 1901 "The Science Press" in New York City to publish Science and other journals. Under Cattell's direction, the press also began publishing The Biographical Directory of American Men of Science.[3] In 1923, James McKeen Cattell began The Science Press Printing Co. in Lancaster, primarily because the city was an established printing center. The business eventually moved to 20 McGovern Avenue, a building across from the Pennsylvania Railroad Station. Much of that building have gotten demolished.

Jacques Cattell Press

James Cattell's son, Jacques, founded the Jacques Cattell Press in the 1930s and began publishing works of popular science in his father's Lancaster plant. James remained in New York, living upstate along the Hudson River and working on Science Press materials in an office in Grand Central Terminal in New York City. When World War II began, the press operations began to ration and consolidate operations. James gave his home to his oldest son, McKeen Cattell (1891–1983), closed the office in Grand Central Terminal, moved to Lancaster and built a large apartment on top of the printing plant on McGovern Avenue. James died there in 1944. The printing plant was sold to Hughes Printing Corp. to settle the estate. It was renamed "The Business Press, Incorporated," and published prestigious magazines such as Foreign Affairs and Commentary. In 1947, Walter L. Connor took over as president of Lancaster Business Press. The Connor family lived in the Cattell apartment from 1947 to 1980. The apartment had 16 rooms and four stone fireplaces.
When the printing plant got sold to Hughes, James Cattell's son, Jacques, kept the name of Science Press. In the mid-1950s, James sold Science Press to Hughes, which moved it to Ephrata, where it remains as a division of Cadmus Communications Corp. Hudson Cattell (born 1931) worked as publications manager for Science Press from 1953 to 1958.
Jacques Cattell moved to Phoenix, Arizona, and continued operating the Jacques Cattell Press. He died in 1961.[4] That same year, R. R. Bowker acquired Jacques Cattell Press, where it continued to operate out of Tempe, Arizona. Daniel Melcher (1912–1985), a senior executive of R. R. Bowker, became president of Jacques Cattell Press in 1961. Xerox Corporation acquired R. R. Bowker on January 1, 1968. The name, "Jacques Cattell Press," continued as a Division of RR Bowker, A Xerox Company. In 1985, Xerox sold RR Bowker to Reed International. In 1981, Cambridge Information Group acquired R. R. Bowker.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Biography Index. A cumulative index to biographical material in books and magazines. Volume 5: September 1958 – August 1961, H. W. Wilson Company, New York, (1962) OCLC 83009305
  2. ^ Who Was Who in America. A component volume of Who's Who in American History, Volume 4, 1961-1968, Marquis Who's Who, Chicago (1968) OCLC 496593888, 186190295, 16186761 OCLC 258294610
  3. ^ .The Biographical Directory of American Men of Science, edited by James McKeen Cattell, Science Press, New York (1921) OCLC 673938346
  4. ^ Jack Brubaker, The Cattell family and early 20th century printing here: Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, James McKeen Cattell, and Ephrata's Science Press, The Scribbler, a column about Lancaster history published in Intelligencer Journal, February 12, 2010
  5. ^ Tina Gant, International Directory of Company Histories, Volume 100, St. James Press (March 27, 2009) OCLC 464995697 ISBN 9781558627635 ISBN 1558627634 ISBN 9781558626348 ISBN 1558626344