Japanese Historical Text Initiative

Japanese Historical Text Initiative (JHTI) is a searchable online database of Japanese historical documents and English translations. It is part of the Center for Japanese Studies at the University of California at Berkeley.[1]


Delmer M. Brown started the process of establishing JHTI in 1998.[2] The development of JHTI involved negotiations with the University of Tokyo Press and the National Institute of Japanese Literature.[3]

Select listEdit

JHTI is an expanding online collection of historical texts. The original version of every paragraph is cross-linked with an English translation. The original words in Japanese and English translation are on the same screen.[4] There are seven categories of writings,[2] including

Ancient chroniclesEdit

These works were compiled by officials of the Imperial Court at the command of the emperors.[2]

Ancient gazetteersEdit

These records, Fudoki, were compiled by provincial officials according to imperial edicts during the first half of the 8th century.[2]

Ancient kami-civil codeEdit

This was a compilation of religious law and civil law.[2]

Medieval storiesEdit

These historical tales (monogatari) were about what was said and done by the prominent historical figures in aristocratic and military clans in feudal Japan[2]

Medieval and early-modern historiesEdit

These three histories were written in ways that mirror the religious and political interests of their authors.[2]

State and Imperial ShintoEdit

These works are about State Shinto and the Empire of Japan.[2]

Late-Edo period and Meiji period textsEdit

This category is for miscellaneous writings which are from Japan's pre-modern and early-modern periods.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Institute of East Asian Studies (IEAS) at University of California at Berkeley, "Japanese Historical Text Initiative (JHTI)"; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Workshop on Japanese Historical Text Initiative (JHTI)". Center for East Asian Studies (CEAS). Stanford University. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11.
  3. ^ IEAS, "In Memoriam: Delmer Myers Brown"; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  4. ^ Japanese Historical Text Initiative (JHTI), "About JHTI"; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  5. ^ JHTI, Kojiki; retrieved 2013-02-01.
  6. ^ JHTI, Nihon Shoki; retrieved 2013-02-01.
  7. ^ JHTI, Shoku Nihongi; retrieved 2013-02-01.
  8. ^ JHTI, Kogoshui; retrieved 2013-02-01.
  9. ^ JHTI, Izumo Fudoki; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  10. ^ JHTI, Harima Fudoki; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  11. ^ JHTI, Bungo Fudoki; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  12. ^ JHTI, Hizen Fudoki; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  13. ^ JHTI, Hitachi Fudoki; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  14. ^ JHTI, Engi Shiki; retrieved 2013-02-01.
  15. ^ JHTI, Okagami; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  16. ^ JHTI, Yamato Monagatari; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  17. ^ JHTI, Eiga Monogatari; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  18. ^ JHTI, Taiheiki; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  19. ^ JHTI, Azuma Kagami; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  20. ^ JHTI, Gukansho; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  21. ^ JHTI, Jinno Shotoki; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  22. ^ JHTI, Tokushi Yoron; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  23. ^ JHTI, Meiji Horei; retrieved 2013-2-1.
  24. ^ JHTI, Kokutai no Hongi; retrieved 2013-2-1.

External linksEdit