Japanese American Committee for Democracy

The Japanese American Committee for Democracy (JACD, Japanese: 日米民主委員会, Nichibei Minshu Iinkai) was an organization during World War II.

HistoryEdit

The Committee was founded in New York in 1940 as the Committee for Democratic Treatment for Japanese Residents in Eastern States. Its first leader was Issei Reverend Alfred Akamatsu.

Following World War II, the committee received its ultimate title and began organizing public demonstrations of Japanese American loyalty. These demonstrations included war bond rallies, blood drives, and art exhibitions. A number of its members also volunteered for the Foreign Language Division of the Office of War Information as translators or writers.

JACD originally had a mixed Issei-Nisei membership and limited its activities to New York City. However, by the mid-1940s, the JACD had transformed itself into a mass Nisei-based organization that urged political action nationwide. By the end of 1944, all Issei board members were asked to resign.[1]

Despite the organization's apparent focus, its information discussed a variety of topics. The newsletter promoted rallies, cultural and political events and reported on issues such as "Nisei in the Army" and democracy in postwar Japan. The newsletter also contained JACD business sections such as "Membership Meetings," "Community News," and editorials.[2]

Support for internmentEdit

The JACD newsletter stated that most Japanese Americans were loyal, but indicated that the organization remained concerned about the possibility of Fifth columnists. Yoshitaka Takagi, JACD secretary, denounced the internment protesters during the war.[3]

Galen Fisher, of the Committee on National Security and Fair Play, resigned from JACD's advisory board because he disagreed with its "fundamental policy of accepting the evacuation without reservation or right to criticism."[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ After Camp: Portraits in Midcentury Japanese American Life and Politics By Greg Robinson Page 183-190
  2. ^ Japanese American Committee For Democracy News Letter
  3. ^ Robinson, Greg (2012). After Camp: Portraits in Midcentury Japanese American Life and Politics. University of California Press. pp. 185–6. ISBN 978-0-520-27158-6.
  4. ^ Bangarth, Stephanie (1 July 2008). Voices Raised in Protest: Defending North American Citizens of Japanese Ancestry, 1942-49. UBC Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-7748-5824-3.

Further readingEdit

  • Robinson, Greg (Feb 9, 2012). Pacific Citizens: Larry and Guyo Tajiri and Japanese American Journalism in the World War II Era. University of Illinois Press.

External linksEdit