James William Marshall
James William Marshall (August 14, 1822 – February 5, 1910) was a United States Postmaster General under President Ulysses S. Grant as well as a government administrator in several capacities for presidents Lincoln, Grant, and Hayes. Marshall was the third to last surviving cabinet member of the Grant Administration.
|James William Marshall|
|24th United States Postmaster General|
July 3, 1874 – August 24, 1874
|President||Ulysses S. Grant|
|Preceded by||John Creswell|
|Succeeded by||Marshall Jewell|
August 14, 1822|
Wilson, Virginia, USA
February 5, 1910 (aged 87)|
Washington, D.C., USA
Early life, marriage, and careerEdit
James William Marshall was born in Clarke County, Virginia, on August 14, 1822. His mother was Susan Oreah Marshall and his father was James Pede. His grandfather was Rush Marshall. Marshall attended schools at Clarke and Fauquier Counties until 1837. The same year Marshall was removed to Mount Sterling, Kentucky where he was engaged in business. Marshall graduated from Dickinson College, located at Carlisle, Pennsylvania in 1848. After graduation Marshall served as adjunct Professor of Ancient Languages at Dickinson College from 1848 to 1850. Marshall married Jane Stephenson of Carlisle in 1850. Marshall then served as full Professor of Ancient Languages chairmanship from 1850 to 1862.
United States ConsulEdit
First Assistant Postmaster General (1869-1874)Edit
In 1869 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Marshall First Assistant Postmaster General serving until 1874.
U.S. Postmaster-General (1874)Edit
In July 1874 President Grant appointed Marshall Postmaster-General serving until the appointment of Marshall Jewell to Postmaster-General in the same year. James Marshall took the place of Postmaster-General John Creswell who had resigned office and was appointed by Grant in 1869. James Marshall served in office until September 1874.
First Assistant Postmaster General (1874-1877)Edit
Marshall was reappointed First Assistant Postmaster-General in 1874 after Marshall Jewell was appointed Postmaster-General the same year. James Marshall continued service until 1877 at the close of the Grant Administration.
Marshall was appointed General Superintendent of the Railway Mail Service by Postmaster General Key, a southerner, serving under President Rutherford B. Hayes until Key's tenor ended in 1880. Afterwards Marshall retired from political and public life.
- "James Williams Marshall" (PDF). New York Times. February 6, 1910.
- Rositter Johnson, ed. (1906). Biographical Dictionary of America Marshall, James William. Boston: American Biographical Society.