James H. Baker

James Heaton Baker was a Republican politician who was Ohio Secretary of State from 1856 to 1858, Minnesota Secretary of State, 1860–1862, and served in the American Civil War.

James Heaton Baker
James H. Baker.png
James H. Baker, circa 1908
11th Ohio Secretary of State
In office
January 14, 1856 – January 11, 1858
GovernorSalmon P. Chase
Preceded byWilliam Trevitt
Succeeded byAddison P. Russell
2nd Minnesota Secretary of State
In office
GovernorAlexander Ramsey
Preceded byFrancis Baasen
Succeeded byDavid Blakeley
Personal details
Born(1829-05-06)May 6, 1829
Monroe, Ohio
DiedMay 25, 1913(1913-05-25) (aged 84)
Mankato, Minnesota
Resting placeGlenwood Cemetery, Mankato
Political partyRepublican
Alma materOhio Wesleyan University
Military service
AllegianceUnion Army
Years of service1862-1864
Brevet Brigadier General
Unit10th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment


James H. Baker was born May 6, 1829, in Monroe, Butler County, Ohio. He was educated in common schools, and graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University. He became a teacher, and had charge of the Female Seminary at Richmond, Indiana. In 1853 he purchased the Scioto Gazette in Chillicothe, Ohio. In 1855 he was elected to a single term as Ohio Secretary of State.[1] Later in life, he would be Minnesota Secretary of State 1860–1862.

During the American Civil War, Baker served as colonel of the 10th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry in the Union Army in 1862–1863.[2] He was appointed Provost Marshal for the Department of Missouri, and served till the close of the war.[1] He was mustered out of the volunteers on October 21, 1865.[2] In recognition of Baker's service, on January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Baker for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.[3]

After the war, Baker was appointed Register of Public Lands at the Boonville, Missouri Federal Land Office, which he performed for two years. He then retired to a farm in Minnesota, and was appointed Commissioner of Pensions by President Grant from 1871 to 1875.[1]

Baker died at Mankato, Minnesota, May 25, 1913.[4] He is buried at Glenwood Cemetery in Mankato.[2]


  • Baker, James H. (1908). Minnesota Historical Society Collections, Lives of the Governors of Minnesota. 13. St. Paul.


  1. ^ a b c Smith 1898 : 44
  2. ^ a b c Eicher : 113
  3. ^ Eicher : 739
  4. ^ Civil War St. Louis


External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
William Trevitt
Secretary of State of Ohio
Succeeded by
Addison P. Russell
Preceded by
Francis Baasen
Secretary of State of Minnesota
Succeeded by
David Blakeley