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James Grahame
Memorial to Rev James Grahame, Glasgow Cathedral

Rev James Grahame (22 April 1765 – 14 September 1811) was a Scottish poet. His best-known poem, The Sabbath, combines devotional feeling with vivid description of Scottish scenery.


Early lifeEdit

He was born at Whitehill House in Glasgow, the son of Thomas Grahame, a successful lawyer. His elder brother was Robert Grahame of Whitehill. He attended University of Glasgow.[1]


After completing his literary course at the University of Glasgow, Grahame went in 1784 to Edinburgh, where he worked as a legal clerk, and was called to the Scottish bar in 1795. However, he had always wanted to go in for the Church, and when he was 44 he took Anglican orders, and became a curate first at Shipton, Gloucestershire, and then at Sedgefield, Durham.

His works include a dramatic poem, Mary Queen of Scots (1801), The Sabbath (1804), British Georgics (1804), The Birds of Scotland (1806), and Poems on the Abolition of the Slave Trade in a joint volume on the subject with Elizabeth Benger and James Montgomery (1809). His principal work, The Sabbath, a sacred and descriptive poem in blank verse, is characterized by devotional feeling and by happy delineation of Scottish scenery. In the notes to his poems he expresses enlightened views on popular education, the criminal law and other public questions. He was emphatically a friend of humanity—a philanthropist as well as a poet.

A satirical reference to "Sepulchral Grahame"[2] is found in Lord Byron's English Bards and Scotch Reviewers.

Personal lifeEdit

He was married to Janet Grahame, eldest daughter of Richard Grahame, Esq.,[1] and they had two sons and a daughter[3].

He died at Whitehill House, his brother's home,[3] in Glasgow on 14 September 1811.


A memorial to Grahame lies on the inner north wall of Glasgow Cathedral.


  1. ^ a b "Significant Scots | Rev James Grahame". Retrieved 27 January 2017.
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  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Grahame, James" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 319.