James Drummond (artist)

James Drummond RSA FSA (1816–1877) was an artist and the curator of the National Gallery of Scotland from 1868 to 1877.[1] He was also an early photographer.

James Drummond RSA
James Drummond, circa 1845, by Hill & Adamson.
Edinburgh, Scotland


He was born in 1816, in John Knox House in the Royal Mile, Edinburgh.

He studied at the Trustees Academy in Edinburgh under Sir William Allan.

He was a member of the Photographic Society of Scotland and was photographed by Hill & Adamson around 1843. He was also a member of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.[2] In November 1876 he is listed as their Curator of the Museum, along with Robert Carfrae.[3]

He produced a series of drawings of buildings in the Old Town later reproduced as lithographs.

In later life he lived at 8 Royal Crescent in the New Town of Edinburgh.[4]


Drummond specialised in historical recreations: imaginary reconstructions of past events.

  • The Porteous Mob
  • Montrose paraded on the Royal Mile
  • The Return of Mary Queen of Scots to Edinburgh
  • Portrait of Baroness Burdett-Coutts and her Companion Mrs Brown in Edinburgh (1874)
  • The Pipe-Smoker
  • Queen Mary's Last Look
  • Ancient Scottish Weapons (portfolio series)
  • Fisherman Drawing on his Pipe
  • The Fiery Cross
  • Old Salty (1841)
  • The Departure of the Bride
  • Border Reivers
  • Portrait of Robert Burns
  • Old Edinburgh (portfolio series)
  • The Old Fisherman


  1. ^ "Artworks - National Galleries of Scotland". www.nationalgalleries.org.
  2. ^ "PSS Members - James Drummond". www.edinphoto.org.uk.
  3. ^ Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, November 1876
  4. ^ Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1875-76

External linksEdit

  • James Drummond in the National Galleries of Scotland [1]