James Carroll (Maryland politician)

James Carroll (December 2, 1791 – January 16, 1873) was a Maryland politician and director of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Company.

James Carroll
James Carroll 1791-1873.jpg
BornDecember 2, 1791 Edit this on Wikidata
Baltimore Edit this on Wikidata
DiedJanuary 16, 1873 Edit this on Wikidata (aged 81)
Baltimore Edit this on Wikidata
Resting placeOld Saint Paul's Cemetery Edit this on Wikidata
Political partyDemocratic Party Edit this on Wikidata
Spouse(s)Achsah Ridgely Carroll Edit this on Wikidata
ChildrenSophia Gough Carroll Sargent Edit this on Wikidata
  • James MacCubbin Carroll Edit this on Wikidata
  • Sophia Gough Carroll Edit this on Wikidata
Position heldUnited States representative Edit this on Wikidata

Early lifeEdit

James Carroll was born in Baltimore, Maryland on December 2, 1791.[1] He graduated from St. Mary's College in Baltimore in 1808. Carroll studied law, but did not practice. He settled on a farm on the West River, but later moved back to Baltimore. His reputation was improved when he became judge of the orphans' court and a trustee of the poor.[1] He served as a director of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Company.[1]


Carroll Vault

Carroll was elected a Democrat to the Twenty-Sixth United States Congress to represent Maryland's Fourth District. He took seat in 1839, but had lost re-election and left in 1841.[1] Carroll ran for Governor of Maryland in 1844, winning his party's nomination, but lost in the general election to Whig Thomas G. Pratt by a margin of a mere 548 votes.[1][2]


He retired and died on January 16, 1873. He is interred in the Carroll vault in Old Saint Paul's Cemetery in Baltimore, Maryland.[1]

He was a member of the Carroll family.


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Death and Funeral of an Old Citizen". January 20, 1873. p. 1. Retrieved February 14, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ "The Presidential Election". The Baltimore Sun. November 18, 1844. p. 1. Retrieved February 14, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Francis Thomas
Democratic nominee for Governor of Maryland
Succeeded by
Philip Francis Thomas
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Benjamin Chew Howard and John P. Kennedy
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 4th congressional district

March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1841
Served alongside: Solomon Hillen, Jr.
Succeeded by
John P. Kennedy and Alexander Randall