James Blair (South Carolina politician)

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James Blair (September 26, 1786 – April 1, 1834)[1] was a United States Representative from South Carolina. He was born in the Waxhaw settlement, Lancaster County, South Carolina to Sarah Douglass and William Blair, immigrants from Ireland. He engaged in planting and was also the sheriff of Lancaster District.

James Blair
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 8th district
In office
March 4, 1829 – April 1, 1834
Preceded byJohn Carter
Succeeded byRichard Irvine Manning I
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 9th district
In office
March 4, 1821 – May 8, 1822
Preceded byJoseph Brevard
Succeeded byJohn Carter
Personal details
Born(1786-09-26)September 26, 1786
Waxhaws, Lancaster County, South Carolina
DiedApril 1, 1834(1834-04-01) (aged 47)
Washington, D.C.
Resting placeCongressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
Political partyJacksonian Democratic-Republican (until 1825)
Other political
Jacksonian (after 1825)

Blair was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Seventeenth Congress and served from March 4, 1821, to May 8, 1822, when he resigned. He was elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-first through Twenty-third Congresses and served from March 4, 1829, until his death in Washington, D.C., on April 1, 1834.

Under date of December 24, 1833, John Quincy Adams records in his diary that Blair "had knocked down and very severely beaten Duff Green, editor of the Telegraph..." Diary (New York, Longmans, Green, 1929) p. 434. He paid "three hundred dollars fine for beating and breaking the bones" of Green. op. cit., p. 450.

Under date of April 2, 1834, John Quincy Adams records in his diary that Blair "shot himself last evening at his lodgings ... after reading part of an affectionate letter from his wife, to Governor Murphy, of Alabama who was alone in the chamber with him, and a fellow-lodger at the same house." op. cit. p. 434.

He was buried in Congressional Cemetery; his tombstone inscription includes his command as General of the South Carolina 5th Militia Brigade.

See alsoEdit


  • United States Congress. "James Blair (id: B000526)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 9th congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by
John Carter
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 8th congressional district

Succeeded by