Jalinus (also spelled Jilunus) was a 7th-century Armenian dynast, who was one of the leading figures in Sasanian Iran. He was the commander of the guard over Khosrow II, during the latter's imprisonment. Jalinus was a Sasanian commander during the Arab conquest of Iran.
|Battles/wars||Battle of Kaskar|
Battle of the Bridge
Battle of al-Qadisiyyah †
Background and identityEdit
The name of Jalinus is the Arabic form of his original, Greek name, Galen. According to Pourshariati, the name was most likely not his personal name, but a title of his. He was probably one of the Armenian dynasts that became entangled in Sasanian history. He may have been the same person as Mushegh III Mamikonian or Gregory of Siwnik, who both also served the Sasanians in the early 7th-century.
Jalinus is first mentioned as the commander over Khosrow II, during the latter's imprisonment in 628. Although Khosrow had been overthrown and imprisoned by his son Kavad II Sheroe, he was still treated as a monarch, with Jalinus even addressing him with the formula anōšag buwād ("may he be immortal"). After his defeat at the battle of Kaskar, Jalinus was sent by Yazdegerd III to crush the invading Arab forces along with 60,000 men and the commander-in-chief of all armies of the empire, Rostam Farrokhzād at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah. Jalinus commanded the Right center of the army. After Rostam's death at the battle and the other commanders withdrawal, Jalinus took command of what was left of the Sasanian army.[page needed] He gained control of the bridgehead, and succeeded in getting the bulk of the Sasanian army across the bridge safely.[page needed] He was killed at the battle of al-Qadisiyyah.
- Al-Tabari 1985–2007, v. 5: p. 49 (note #953).
- Pourshariati 2008, p. 157 (note #846).
- Pourshariati 2008, p. 157.
- Al-Tabari 1985–2007, v. 5: p. 49 (note #954).
- Parvaneh Pourshariati, 216.
- The origins of the Islamic state By Abu Al-Abbas Ahmad Bin Jab Al-Baladhuri, Philip Khûri Ḥitti
- The Sāsānids, the Byzantines, the Lakhmids, and Yemen By Ṭabarī, Clifford Edmund Bosworth
- Parvaneh Pourshariati, 157.
- Al-Tabari, Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir (1985–2007). Ehsan Yar-Shater (ed.). The History of Al-Ṭabarī. 40 vols. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
- Pourshariati, Parvaneh (2008). Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran. London and New York: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-645-3.