Jakob Tengström

Jacob Tengström (4 December 1755 - 26 December 1832) was a Finnish prelate who became the first Archbishop of Turku and Finland.[1]

The Most Reverend

Jakob Tengström
Archbishop of Turku and Finland
Jacob Tengström.jpg
Tengström by Gustaf Wilhelm Finnberg, 1826
ChurchEvangelical Lutheran Church of Finland
ArchdioceseTurku
Appointed5 February 1803
In office1803-1832
PredecessorJakob Gadolin
SuccessorErik Gabriel Melartin
Orders
Ordination1784
Consecration1803
by Uno von Troil
Personal details
Born(1755-12-04)December 4, 1755
Kokkola, Kingdom of Sweden Present-day Finland
DiedDecember 26, 1832(1832-12-26) (aged 77)
Turku, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire Present-day Finland
BuriedPargas
NationalityFinnish
DenominationLutheran
ParentsJohan Georgsson Tengström & Maria Jakobsdotter Tengström
SpouseAnna Kristina Caloander
Children6

BiographyEdit

Tengström was born on December 4, 1755 in Kokkola, Finland. He was the nephew of Anders Chydenius and the father of Johan Magnus af Tengström [fi], a zoologist, and uncle of Johan Jakob Tengström [fi], a historian and Fredrika Runeberg, a novelist.[1]

Tengström published the Finnish-Swedish children's books Läse-öfning för mina barn and Tidsfördrif för mina barn in 1795 and 1796, latter of which was translated into Finnish in 1836.[1] He was editor of the Tidningar Utgifne Af et Sällskap i Åbo from 1791 to 1793 and was involved in the founding of the Finnish Bible Society and the Musical Society in Turku.

During the Finnish war, when it became apparent that Sweden would not be able to defend Finland against the Russian Empire, he worked actively to make Finland adapt to the new situation and to promote Finland's interests in Russia. He opposed resistance.[1] He participated actively in the preparations for the Diet of Porvoo which saw the establishment of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland as a separate and independent church from the Church of Sweden. He also became chairman of a committee that drafted proposals for supreme governance for the Grand Duchy of Finland. Tengström's good relationship with Emperor Alexander I influenced the development of the Grand Duchy of Finland.[1]

As a bishop and archbishop, Tengström also worked with extensive reforms of the service life. The ecclesiastical books were under revision in Sweden when the war broke out and the reforms in Finland were led by Tengström. Also a new church law was founded, where the church got a freer position.

He succeeded Jakob Gadolin upon his death in 1802 where he became bishop of Turku until 1817 when the title of "Bishop of Turku" ceased to exist and was elevated to archiepiscopal rank in 1817. The title of the see was changed to Archbishop of Turku and Finland, and Tengström became the first archbishop until his death in 1832.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Klinge, Matti (23 August 2012). "Tengström, Jacob (1755 - 1832)". Kansallisbiografia. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  2. ^ "TENGSTRÖM, Jacob", Biografiskt lexikon för Finland. Retrieved on 10 April 2019