Jafar Jabbarly

Jafar Gafar oglu Jabbarly, (Azerbaijani: Cəfər Qafar oğlu Cabbarlı, 20 March 1899, Khizi – 31 December 1934, Baku) was an Azerbaijani playwright, poet, director and screenwriter.

Jafar Jabbarly
Jafar Jabbarly 2.jpg
Native name
Azerbaijani: Cəfər Cabbarlı
Born(1899-03-20)20 March 1899
Khizi, Baku Governorate, Russian Empire (present day Azerbaijan)
Died31 December 1934(1934-12-31) (aged 35)
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
OccupationDramaturge, Poet, Screenwriter


After his father's death in 1902, Jabbarli's mother moved to Baku with her four children. In 1915, Jabbarli graduated from high school and studied electromechanics at Baku Polytechnicum for the next 5 years. In 1920 he was admitted to Azerbaijan State University to study applied medicine but due to his lack of interest soon switched to Oriental studies. In 1923, he started attending lectures at a local theatre to fulfill his interest in drama.[1]

Jafar Jabbarli died at the age of 35 of heart failure and was buried at the Alley of Honor. The national film studio, Azerbaijanfilm, a street and a subway station in Baku are named after him.

On 22 May 1985 the museum "Jafar Jabbarli memorial house" was opened. It is located in the house on I. Gutgashinli street 44 (former G. Sultanov street), where Jafar Jabbarli used to live.[2]

Literature, theatre and filmEdit

Jafar Jabbarli started writing poems in his early teenage years and was reported to have had his first poems published in the Azeri newspaper Hagigat-i Afkar in 1911.[1] In the following years, he wrote more than 20 plays, as well as poems, essays, short stories, and articles. His works were very much influenced by the 1920s propaganda of Communist glory and celebrated appropriate themes such as equality, labour, education, cosmopolitanism, emancipation of women, cultural shifts, etc. Jabbarli's major accomplishment in introducing European plays to average Azerbaijanis was translating William Shakespeare's Hamlet into Azerbaijani. In

in 1925 and directing it at the Azerbaijan Drama Theatre a year later.[3]

Jafar Jabbarli is considered the founder of screenwriting in Azerbaijan. Two of his plays, Sevil and Almaz, both written in 1928, were made into films in 1929 and 1936 respectively. Both focused on the theme of the role of women, their oppression, struggle, and ultimately, victory over dated patriarchal traditions.[4][5][6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Jafar Jabbarli: Life and First Years of Education (archived)
  2. ^ Jafar Jabbarly: Museum (archived)
  3. ^ Jafar Jabbarli: Translations (archived)
  4. ^ Heyat, Farideh (2002). Azeri Women in Transition: Women in Soviet and Post-Soviet Azerbaijan. Oxon, UK: Routledge. pp. 98–102. ISBN 1136871705.
  5. ^ Jafar Jabbarly: Third period of the writer's creative activity (1928-1934) (archived)
  6. ^ Jafar Jabbarly: Film Activity (archived)

External linksEdit