Jacarezinho, Rio de Janeiro

Jacarezinho is a Brazilian neighborhood and also a favela with more than 60,300 residents living in an area of 40 ha. The place is located in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro city, and it borders the neighborhoods of Jacaré, Méier, Engenho Novo and Triagem. It is the third largest favela in Rio de Janeiro, only behind Rocinha and Complexo do Alemão. The favela expanded along with the city's industrialization,[1] and it became the biggest favela in Rio de Janeiro by the mid-20th century, with a population of 23,000 in 1960. The crucial element in its growth was the industrial boom in the nearby Méier district after World War II, according to historian by Julio César Pino, author of a book[2] about the favelas of Rio de Janeiro.

Jacarezinho
Neighborhood
Jacarezinho.JPG
Jacarezinho is located in Rio de Janeiro
Jacarezinho
Jacarezinho
Location in Rio de Janeiro
Jacarezinho is located in Brazil
Jacarezinho
Jacarezinho
Jacarezinho (Brazil)
Coordinates: 22°53′13″S 43°15′37″W / 22.88694°S 43.26028°W / -22.88694; -43.26028Coordinates: 22°53′13″S 43°15′37″W / 22.88694°S 43.26028°W / -22.88694; -43.26028
Country Brazil
StateRio de Janeiro (RJ)
Municipality/CityRio de Janeiro
ZoneNorth Zone

Jacarezinho suffers common favela problems, including violence, poverty and drug dealing.[3][4][5] In 2021, at least 25 people were killed in a shootout with police.[6]

Jacarezinho means Little Jacaré, and it is named after Jacaré River. Jacaré is also the Portuguese language name of the yacare caiman, but the river name actually means tortuous, sinuous, and it is not named after the animal.[7]

The favela's samba school is called Grêmio Recreativo Escola de Samba Unidos do Jacarezinho, and it was founded on June 16, 1966. Its colors are pink and white.[8][9]

The famous football player Romário was born in Jacarezinho.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brilhante, Vandré. "Brasil - O impacto da globalização no complexo do Jacarezinho" (in Portuguese). netcoop. Archived from the original on 29 December 2004.
  2. ^ Pino, Julio César (1997). Family and Favela: The reproduction of poverty in Rio de Janeiro. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-30362-3.
  3. ^ "This deadlink title is unknown". Terra. Archived from the original on June 3, 2004.
  4. ^ "Número de homicídios cresce 400% em Jacarezinho", Bonde News (in Portuguese), 29 March 2009, archived from the original on 7 May 2021
  5. ^ 2003 Poverty index 40.29% "Jacarezinho: Mapa de pobreza e desigualdade" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Archived from the original on 7 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Brazil: At least 25 killed in Rio de Janeiro shootout". BBC News. 6 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Favela tem Memória". Archived from the original on 2012-12-31. Retrieved 2006-01-10.
  8. ^ Tradição do Samba[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ dos Reis Velloso, João Paulo; et al. (2013). Favela como oportunidade: plano de desenvolvimento de favelas para sua inclusão social e econômica: Complexo do Jacarezinho, Complexo do Alemão. Favela como oportunidade, volume 3 (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Fórum Nacional. ISBN 978-85-63708-03-8.
  10. ^ "Romário: 'Nasci no Jacarezinho e tenho orgulho disso'" (in Portuguese). Netvasco. 21 August 2005. Archived from the original on 13 November 2005.

External linksEdit