Iskanwaya is a pre-Columbian sacred site, situated on a mountain ridge above the Llica River in Bolivia, 325 km north of La Paz. In its extension and its age Iskanwaya surpasses Machu Picchu in Peru, but it is less well preserved.

Iskanwaya
Vista panorámica de las Ruinas de Iskanwaya.jpg
Iskanwaya
LocationBolivia, La Paz Department, Muñecas Province, Aucapata Municipality
RegionAltiplano
Coordinates15°29′12″S 68°40′27″W / 15.48655800°S 68.67428500°W / -15.48655800; -68.67428500Coordinates: 15°29′12″S 68°40′27″W / 15.48655800°S 68.67428500°W / -15.48655800; -68.67428500

LocationEdit

The sacred site of Iskanwaya is found on the edge of the Cordillera Real, 250 m above the Llica River and 1,672 meters above sea level. The site is located near Aucapata, a small town in the Muñecas Province.

SiteEdit

The city of Iskanwaya was built on two platforms on an area of 0.6 square kilometers and was notable for its running water. More than one hundred large buildings of an average of thirteen rooms have survived.[1] Mollo streets ran in east-west direction. Their houses were rectangular and grouped around patios, they were built with blocks of slate stone, joined with mud trench mortars. Agriculture patterns included terracing and irrigation.[2]

UN-archaeologist Alvaro R. Fernholz Jemio suggests that in its time the site was inhabited by 2,500 to 3.000 people[3]

Mollo CultureEdit

The Iskanwaya ruins go back to the Mollo culture which predated the Inca civilization and whose people presumably built the constructions as early as 800 BC or in their prime cultural period from 1145 to 1425.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ruins of Iskanwaya". climbingsouthamerica.com. Archived from the original on 2009-01-19.
  2. ^ Bruhns, Karen Olsen (1994). Ancient South America. Cambridge University Press. pp. 311. ISBN 0-521-27761-2. mollo culture.
  3. ^ Iskanwaya: más antiguo que Machu Picchu

External linksEdit