Senate of Ecuador
|Constituent Representative of Ecuador|
Metropolitan Council of Quito
Isabel María Josefina Robalino Bolle
October 14, 1917
|Occupation||Lawyer, trade unionist, and politician|
Isabel Robalino was born in Barcelona, Spain, where her family was residing while her father worked as a consul in Geneva. She completed her secondary education at the Instituto Nacional Mejía and higher education at the Central University of Ecuador, where former president Camilo Ponce Enríquez worked as an educator. In 1944, she graduated from the Central University as a lawyer, becoming the first woman to graduate the University with a degree in Law.
After her graduation, Robalino was appointed a member of the Criminal Court of Ecuador. In 1946, she briefly held the position of Metropolitan Council of Quito, becoming the first woman to hold that office. Between 1959 and 1961, she was President of the National Court for Minors.
As a trade unionist, she was led to participate in the Revolution of May 28, called "La Gloriosa." In September 1947, she personally directed the seizure of the Carondelet Palace from the military dictatorship of Carlos Mancheno Cajas. She also took several businessmen to trial, including future Ecuadorian president León Febres Cordero, to secure worker's rights. Because of her work, Robalino was selected by worker's organizations to represent them in the Constituent Assembly of 1966 and as a senator in 1968, becoming the first female senator in Ecuador. She would as a lawmaker introduce new legislation in favor of worker's rights.
Among the organizations Robalino founded are the Confederation of Catholic Workers, the Ecuadorian Institute for Social Development, the University Women's Youth, and the Mariana de Jesus Social Work School, among others. She turned 100 in October 2017.
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- Robalino Dávila, Luis (2005). Luis Robalino Dávila: el hombre, el historiador, el político. Corporación Editora Nacional. ISBN 9789978843994. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "A los 99 años, Isabel Robalino sigue en la lucha". PlanV (in Spanish). 18 October 2016. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- Ayala Mora, Enrique (15 October 2017). "El siglo ganado de Isabel Robalino". El Comercio (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
- "Isabel Robalino, la madre de los obreros". La Hora (in Spanish). 22 July 2002. Archived from the original on 18 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- "La historia de las mujeres en la Asamblea". El Comercio (in Spanish). 22 November 2013. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- Olsen 1994, p. 314.
- Kinnear 2011, p. 314.