The Ironman World Championship has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978, with an additional race in 1982. It is owned and organized by the World Triathlon Corporation. It is the annual culmination of a series of Ironman triathlon qualification races held throughout the world.
From 1978 through 1980 the race was held on the island of Oahu, the course combining that of three events already held there: the Waikiki Roughwater Swim (2.4 mi./3.86 km), the Around-Oahu Bike Race (115 mi./185.07 km, originally a two-day event), and the Honolulu Marathon. The bike stage was reduced by 3 miles to link it to the start of the marathon course. In 1981 the race was moved to the less urbanized Big Island, keeping the distances the same: a 2.4 miles (3.86 km) open water swim in Kailua-Kona Bay, a 112 miles (180.25 km) bike ride across the Hawaiian lava desert to Hāwī and back, and a marathon (26 miles 385 yards, 42.195 km) run along the coast of the Big Island from Keauhou to Keahole Point and back to Kailua-Kona, finishing on Aliʻi Drive.
Since 1982, the race has been held in the fall each year, before which it was held in the spring, giving two races in 1982. The most recent Ironman World Championship took place on 12 October 2019. Qualifying for the World Championship is achieved through placement in one of the other Ironman races or some Ironman 70.3 races. Due to COVID-19 the 2020 race was initially postponed to February 2021. However, the race was ultimately canceled with that year's qualifiers able to defer to race in 2021 or 2022.
The current Ironman Hawaii course record was set in 2019 by Jan Frodeno (Germany), whose winning time was 7 hrs 51 min 13 sec. The women's course record is 8 hrs 26 mins 18 sec, set in 2018 by Daniela Ryf (Switzerland).
The Ironman World Championship Record is currently held by Kristian Blummenfelt with a time of 7:49:16.
Athletes with disabilities compete in the event in the physically challenged category, which was instituted in 1997, and are required to meet the same cutoff times as able bodied competitors. Australian John Maclean was the first physically challenged athlete to complete the event under the cut-off time.
|28.82 km/h||Jan Frodeno||Germany||2019|||
|Swim (3.862 km)||46:29||1:12 min/100 m||Jan Sibbersen||Germany||2018|||
|Bike (180.246 km)||4:09:06||43.42 km/h||Cameron Wurf||Australia||2018|||
|Run (42.195 km)||2:39:45||15.85 km/h / 3:47 min/km||Patrick Lange||Germany||2016|||
|*Kristian Blummenfelt set the full course race record at the 2021 Ironman World Championship at St. George, Utah with a time of 7:49:16.|
|26.82 km/h||Daniela Ryf||Switzerland||2018|||
|Swim (3.862 km)||48:14||1:14 min/100 m||Lucy Charles||United Kingdom||2018|||
|Bike (180.246 km)||4:26:07||40.64 km/h||Daniela Ryf||Switzerland||2018|||
|Run (42.195 km)||2:50:26||14.85 km/h / 4:02 min/km||Mirinda Carfrae||Australia||2014|||
|1978||Gordon Haller (USA)||11:46:58||John Dunbar (USA)||12:20:27||Dave Orlowski (USA)||13:59:13|
|1979||Tom Warren (USA)||11:15:56||John Dunbar (USA)||12:03:56||Ian Emberson (USA)||12:23:30|
|1980||Dave Scott (USA)||9:24:33||Chuck Neumann (USA)||10:24:41||John Howard (USA)||10:32:36|
|1981||John Howard (USA)||9:38:29||Tom Warren (USA)||10:04:38||Scott Tinley (USA)||10:12:47|
|1982 (Feb)||Scott Tinley (USA)||9:19:41||Dave Scott (USA)||9:36:57||Jeff Tinley (USA)||9:53:16|
|1982 (Oct)||Dave Scott (USA)||9:08:23||Scott Tinley (USA)||9:28:28||Jeff Tinley (USA)||9:36:53|
|1983||Dave Scott (USA)||9:05:57||Scott Tinley (USA)||9:06:30||Mark Allen (USA)||9:21:06|
|1984||Dave Scott (USA)||8:54:20||Scott Tinley (USA)||9:18:45||Grant Boswell (USA)||9:23:55|
|1985||Scott Tinley (USA)||8:50:54||Chris Hinshaw (USA)||9:16:40||Carl Kupferschmid (SUI)||9:26:32|
|1986||Dave Scott (USA)||8:28:37||Mark Allen (USA)||8:36:04||Scott Tinley (USA)||9:00:37|
|1987||Dave Scott (USA)||8:34:13||Mark Allen (USA)||8:45:19||Greg Stewart (AUS)||8:58:53|
|1988||Scott Molina (USA)||8:31:00||Mike Pigg (USA)||8:33:11||Ken Glah (USA)||8:38:37|
|1989||Mark Allen (USA)||8:09:14||Dave Scott (USA)||8:10:13||Greg Welch (AUS)||8:32:16|
|1990||Mark Allen (USA)||8:28:17||Scott Tinley (USA)||8:37:40||Pauli Kiuru (FIN)||8:39:24|
|1991||Mark Allen (USA)||8:18:32||Greg Welch (AUS)||8:24:34||Jeff Devlin (USA)||8:27:55|
|1992||Mark Allen (USA)||8:09:08||Cristián Bustos (CHI)||8:16:29||Pauli Kiuru (FIN)||8:17:29|
|1993||Mark Allen (USA)||8:07:45||Pauli Kiuru (FIN)||8:14:27||Wolfgang Dittrich (GER)||8:20:13|
|1994||Greg Welch (AUS)||8:20:27||Dave Scott (USA)||8:24:32||Jeff Devlin (USA)||8:31:56|
|1995||Mark Allen (USA)||8:20:34||Thomas Hellriegel (GER)||8:22:59||Rainer Müller-Hörner (GER)||8:25:23|
|1996||Luc Van Lierde (BEL)||8:04:08||Thomas Hellriegel (GER)||8:06:07||Greg Welch (AUS)||8:18:57|
|1997||Thomas Hellriegel (GER)||8:33:01||Jürgen Zäck (GER)||8:39:18||Lothar Leder (GER)||8:40:30|
|1998||Peter Reid (CAN)||8:24:20||Luc Van Lierde (BEL)||8:31:57||Lothar Leder (GER)||8:32:57|
|1999||Luc Van Lierde (BEL)||8:17:17||Peter Reid (CAN)||8:22:54||Tim DeBoom (USA)||8:25:42|
|2000||Peter Reid (CAN)||8:21:01||Tim DeBoom (USA)||8:23:10||Normann Stadler (GER)||8:26:45|
|2001||Tim DeBoom (USA)||8:31:18||Cameron Brown (NZL)||8:46:10||Thomas Hellriegel (GER)||8:47:40|
|2002||Tim DeBoom (USA)||8:29:56||Peter Reid (CAN)||8:33:06||Cameron Brown (NZL)||8:35:34|
|2003||Peter Reid (CAN)||8:22:35||Rutger Beke (BEL)||8:28:27||Cameron Brown (NZL)||8:30:08|
|2004||Normann Stadler (GER)||8:33:29||Peter Reid (CAN)||8:43:40||Faris Al-Sultan (GER)||8:45:14|
|2005||Faris Al-Sultan (GER)||8:14:17||Cameron Brown (NZL)||8:19:36||Peter Reid (CAN)||8:20:04|
|2006||Normann Stadler (GER)||8:11:58||Chris McCormack (AUS)||8:13:10||Faris Al-Sultan (GER)||8:19:05|
|2007||Chris McCormack (AUS)||8:15:34||Craig Alexander (AUS)||8:19:04||Torbjørn Sindballe (DEN)||8:21:30|
|2008||Craig Alexander (AUS)||8:17:45||Eneko Llanos (ESP)||8:20:50||Rutger Beke (BEL)||8:21:23|
|2009||Craig Alexander (AUS)||8:20:21||Chris Lieto (USA)||8:22:56||Andreas Raelert (GER)||8:24:32|
|2010||Chris McCormack (AUS)||8:10:37||Andreas Raelert (GER)||8:12:17||Marino Vanhoenacker (BEL)||8:13:14|
|2011||Craig Alexander (AUS)||8:03:56||Pete Jacobs (AUS)||8:09:11||Andreas Raelert (GER)||8:11:07|
|2012||Pete Jacobs (AUS)||8:18:37||Andreas Raelert (GER)||8:23:40||Frederik Van Lierde (BEL)||8:24:09|
|2013||Frederik Van Lierde (BEL)||8:12:29||Luke McKenzie (AUS)||8:15:19||Sebastian Kienle (GER)||8:19:24|
|2014||Sebastian Kienle (GER)||8:14:18||Ben Hoffman (USA)||8:19:23||Jan Frodeno (GER)||8:20:32|
|2015||Jan Frodeno (GER)||8:14:40||Andreas Raelert (GER)||8:17:43||Timothy O'Donnell (USA)||8:18:50|
|2016||Jan Frodeno (GER)||8:06:30||Sebastian Kienle (GER)||8:10:02||Patrick Lange (GER)||8:11:14|
|2017||Patrick Lange (GER)||8:01:40||Lionel Sanders (CAN)||8:04:07||David McNamee (GBR)||8:07:11|
|2018||Patrick Lange (GER)||7:52:39||Bart Aernouts (BEL)||7:56:41||David McNamee (GBR)||8:01:09|
|2019||Jan Frodeno (GER)||7:51:13||Tim O'Donnell (USA)||7:59:40||Sebastian Kienle (GER)||8:02:04|
|2021‡||Kristian Blummenfelt (NOR)||7:49:16||Lionel Sanders (CAN)||7:54:03||Braden Currie (NZL)||7:54:19|
On May 7th, 2022, the Ironman World Championship men's record was broken by Kristian Blummenfelt with a time of 7:49:16.
|1979||Lyn Lemaire (USA)||12:55:38|
|1980||Robin Beck (USA)||11:21:24||Eve Anderson (USA)||15:40:59|
|1981||Linda Sweeney (USA)||12:02:32||Sally Edwards (USA)||12:37:25||Lyn Brooks (USA)||12:42:15|
|1982 (Feb)||Kathleen McCartney (USA)||11:09:40||Julie Moss (USA)||11:10:09|| Lyn Brooks (USA)
Sally Edwards (USA)
|1982 (Oct)||Julie Leach (USA)||10:54:08||Jo Ann Dahlkoetter (USA)||10:58:21||Sally Edwards (USA)||11:03:00|
|1983||Sylviane Puntous (CAN)||10:43:36||Patricia Puntous (CAN)||10:49:17||Eva Ueltzen (USA)||11:01:49|
|1984||Sylviane Puntous (CAN)||10:25:13||Patricia Puntous (CAN)||10:27:28||Julie Olson (USA)||10:38:10|
|1985||Joanne Ernst (USA)||10:25:22||Elizabeth Bulman (USA)||10:26:55||Paula Newby-Fraser (ZIM)||10:31:04|
|1986||Paula Newby-Fraser (ZIM)||9:49:14||Sylviane Puntous (CAN)||9:53:13||Joanne Ernst (USA)||10:00:07|
|1987||Erin Baker (NZL)||9:35:25||Sylviane Puntous (CAN)||9:36:57||Paula Newby-Fraser (ZIM)||9:40:37|
|1988||Paula Newby-Fraser (ZIM)||9:01:01||Erin Baker (NZL)||9:12:14||Kirsten Hanssen (USA)||9:37:25|
|1989||Paula Newby-Fraser (ZIM)||9:00:56||Sylviane Puntous (CAN)||9:21:55||Kirsten Hanssen (USA)||9:24:31|
|1990||Erin Baker (NZL)||9:13:42||Paula Newby-Fraser (ZIM)||9:20:01||Terri Schneider (USA)||10:00:34|
|1991||Paula Newby-Fraser (ZIM)||9:07:52||Erin Baker (NZL)||9:23:37||Sarah Coope (GBR)||9:33:20|
|1992||Paula Newby-Fraser (ZIM)||8:55:28||Julie Anne White (CAN)||9:21:40||Thea Sybesma (NED)||9:26:57|
|1993||Paula Newby-Fraser (ZIM)||8:58:23||Erin Baker (NZL)||9:08:04||Susan Latshaw (USA)||9:20:40|
|1994||Paula Newby-Fraser (ZIM)||9:20:14||Karen Smyers (USA)||9:28:08||Fernanda Keller (BRA)||9:43:30|
|1995||Karen Smyers (USA)||9:16:46||Isabelle Mouthon (FRA)||9:25:13||Fernanda Keller (BRA)||9:37:48|
|1996||Paula Newby-Fraser† (USA)||9:06:49||Natascha Badmann (SUI)||9:11:19||Karen Smyers (USA)||9:19:13|
|1997||Heather Fuhr (CAN)||9:31:43||Lori Bowden (CAN)||9:41:42||Fernanda Keller (BRA)||9:50:02|
|1998||Natascha Badmann (SUI)||9:24:16||Lori Bowden (CAN)||9:27:19||Fernanda Keller (BRA)||9:28:29|
|1999||Lori Bowden (CAN)||9:13:02||Karen Smyers (USA)||9:20:40||Fernanda Keller (BRA)||9:24:30|
|2000||Natascha Badmann (SUI)||9:26:17||Lori Bowden (CAN)||9:29:05||Fernanda Keller (BRA)||9:31:29|
|2001||Natascha Badmann (SUI)||9:28:37||Lori Bowden (CAN)||9:32:59||Nina Kraft (GER)||9:41:01|
|2002||Natascha Badmann (SUI)||9:07:54||Nina Kraft (GER)||9:14:24||Lori Bowden (CAN)||9:22:27|
|2003||Lori Bowden (CAN)||9:11:55||Natascha Badmann (SUI)||9:17:08||Nina Kraft (GER)||9:17:16|
|2004||Natascha Badmann (SUI)||9:50:04||Heather Fuhr (CAN)||9:56:19||Kate Major (AUS)||10:01:56|
|2005||Natascha Badmann (SUI)||9:09:30||Michellie Jones (AUS)||9:11:51||Kate Major (AUS)||9:12:39|
|2006||Michellie Jones (AUS)||9:18:31||Desiree Ficker (USA)||9:24:02||Lisa Bentley (CAN)||9:25:18|
|2007||Chrissie Wellington (GBR)||9:08:45||Samantha McGlone (CAN)||9:14:04||Kate Major (AUS)||9:19:13|
|2008||Chrissie Wellington (GBR)||9:06:23||Yvonne van Vlerken (NED)||9:21:20||Sandra Wallenhorst (GER)||9:22:52|
|2009||Chrissie Wellington (GBR)||8:54:02||Mirinda Carfrae (AUS)||9:13:59||Virginia Berasategui (ESP)||9:15:28|
|2010||Mirinda Carfrae (AUS)||8:58:36||Caroline Steffen (SUI)||9:06:00||Julie Dibens (GBR)||9:10:04|
|2011||Chrissie Wellington (GBR)||8:55:08||Mirinda Carfrae (AUS)||8:57:57||Leanda Cave (GBR)||9:03:29|
|2012||Leanda Cave (GBR)||9:15:54||Caroline Steffen (SUI)||9:16:58||Mirinda Carfrae (AUS)||9:21:41|
|2013||Mirinda Carfrae (AUS)||8:52:14||Rachel Joyce (GBR)||8:57:28||Liz Blatchford (GBR)||9:03:35|
|2014||Mirinda Carfrae (AUS)||9:00:55||Daniela Ryf (SUI)||9:02:57||Rachel Joyce (GBR)||9:04:23|
|2015||Daniela Ryf (SUI)||8:57:57||Rachel Joyce (GBR)||9:10:59||Liz Blatchford (GBR)||9:14:52|
|2016||Daniela Ryf (SUI)||8:46:46||Mirinda Carfrae (AUS)||9:10:30||Heather Jackson (USA)||9:11:32|
|2017||Daniela Ryf (SUI)||8:50:47||Lucy Charles (GBR)||8:59:38||Sarah Crowley (AUS)||9:01:38|
|2018||Daniela Ryf (SUI)||8:26:18||Lucy Charles (GBR)||8:36:32||Anne Haug (GER)||8:41:57|
|2019||Anne Haug (GER)||8:40:10||Lucy Charles (GBR)||8:46:44||Sarah Crowley (AUS)||8:48:13|
|2021‡||Daniela Ryf (SUI)||8:34:59||Kat Matthews (GBR)||8:43:49||Anne Haug (GER)||8:47:03|
- 11: Switzerland
- 8: United States
- 7: Zimbabwe
- 5: United Kingdom Canada
- 4: Australia
- 2: New Zealand
- 1: Germany
†Paula Newby Fraser was a citizen and represented the United States for the 1996 race
Until 2015, individuals could enter a lottery for the chance to participate in the Ironman World Championship. The lottery entry fee was $50 and afforded the chance to win one of 100 berths in the championship race. If selected the winners then had to pay the normal entry fee.
However, according to a sworn complaint filed with the U.S. District Court in Tampa, Florida, Ironman illegally charged athletes for a chance to win the opportunity to compete in the Ironman World Championship. According to Florida law, the state where the World Triathlon Corporation resides, it is illegal to set up and charge for a lottery. Because WTC charged a $50 fee to enter the lottery, instead of giving away the opportunity to win a slot at the championships, they were in violation of this law. Following the complaint WTC cooperated with the United States Attorneys office and the FBI's investigation of the matter and agreed to forfeit $2,761,910, the amount collected from the lottery since October 24, 2012. The attorney representing the United States in the matter was 8-time Ironman finisher James A. Muench.
Winners of the 2015 lottery were notified on March 17th, 2015, prior to the announcement of the complaint. WTC stated that these winners would be unaffected by this decision and that their slots for the upcoming championship race would be honored.
- "Ironman Kona canceled for first time". NBC Sports. 21 July 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- Empfield, Dan (12 October 2021). "Jan Frodeno Reclaims the Kona Crown in Record Time". Slowtwitch.com. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- James, Sutherland (31 December 2019). "Performances of the decade: Daniela Ryf smashes Kona course record by 20 minutes". Triathlon Magazine Canada. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- "Athletes with disabilities competing at the IRONMAN: successes, failures, inclusion and accessibility". Ability Magazine. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- Lulham, Amanda (11 April 2016). "Ironman John Maclean awarded Hall of Fame status for heroics in wheelchair and on his own two feet". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- "1997 Race Results" (PDF). Ironman.com. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- Foster, Chris (4 September 2019). "Jan Sibbersen: Meet the Kona Swim Course Record Holder". Triathlete. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- Lindbury, Emma-Kate (11 October 2019). "Cam Wurf: The Super Biker Who's Learned How to Run Fast". Triathlete. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- "Triathlete goes sub-2:40 to break course marathon record at Ironman championships". Canadian Running Magazine. 9 October 2016.
- "Ironman.com - Patrick Lange results - IRONMAN World Championship 2016". 8 October 2016.
- "Kristian Blummenfelt wins Ironman title after Olympic gold; Daniela Ryf's 5th world title". NBC Sports. 7 May 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
- "Britain's Lucy Charles breaks course swimming record before winning silver at Ironman World Championship". The telegraph. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- "New Women's Standards Set in Kona". 11 October 2014.
- "Lottery and Legacy". World Triathlon Corporation. 1 September 2013. Archived from the original on 17 February 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- "World Triathlon Corporation (Ironman) Forfeits More Than $2.7 Million in Lottery Proceeds". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- "U.S. District Court Complaint". scribd.com. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- "849.09 Lottery prohibited; exceptions". gambling-law-us.com. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- .Stein, Letitia (13 May 2015). "Ironman triathlon ran illegal lottery for athletes: U.S. prosecutors". Reuters. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- Moskovitz, Diana (19 May 2015). "Feds: Ironman Ran An Illegal Lottery And Made Millions". deadspin.com. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- Cornwall, Warren (18 May 2015). "The Ironman Lottery Is Dead. Up Next: Your Local Race?". Outside Online. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
- "Statement from IRONMAN in response to recent DOJ decision". Ironman.com. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- "World Championship » Ironman.com (Race Results)". World Triathlon Corporation. Archived from the original on 1 May 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- "2009 World Championship Media Guide" (PDF). Ironman.com. World Triathlon Corporation. pp. 98-128 (IRONMAN World Championship race results). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2009.