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Iron-56 (56Fe) is the most common isotope of iron. About 91.754% of all iron is iron-56.

Iron-56,  56Fe
General
Name, symbolIron-56,56Fe
Neutrons30
Protons26
Nuclide data
Natural abundance91.754%
Isotope mass55.9349375 u
Spin0+
Excess energy−60601.003± 1.354 keV
Binding energy492253.892± 1.356 keV
Isotopes of iron
Complete table of nuclides
Nuclear binding energy per nucleon of common isotopes; iron-56 labelled at the curve's crest. The rarer isotopes nickel-62 and iron-58, which both have higher binding energies, are not shown.

Of all nuclides, iron-56 has the lowest mass per nucleon. With 8.8 MeV binding energy per nucleon, iron-56 is one of the most tightly bound nuclei.[1]

Nickel-62, a relatively rare isotope of nickel, has a higher nuclear binding energy per nucleon; this is consistent with having a higher mass per nucleon because nickel-62 has a greater proportion of neutrons, which are slightly more massive than protons. See the nickel-62 article for more information regarding the ordering of binding energy per nucleon, and mass-per-nucleon, for various nuclides.

Thus, light elements undergoing nuclear fusion and heavy elements undergoing nuclear fission release energy as their nucleons bind more tightly, and the resulting nuclei approach the maximum total energy per nucleon, which occurs at 62Ni. However, during nucleosynthesis in stars the competition between photodisintegration and alpha capturing causes more 56Ni to be produced than 62Ni (56Fe is produced later in the star's ejection shell as 56Ni decays). This means that as the Universe ages, more matter is converted into extremely tightly bound nuclei, such as 56Fe, ultimately leading to the formation of iron stars in around 101500 years.[2]

Production of these elements has decreased considerably from what it was at the beginning of the stelliferous era.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nuclear Binding Energy
  2. ^ Dyson, Freeman J. (1979). "Time without end: Physics and biology in an open universe". Reviews of Modern Physics. 51 (3): 447–460. Bibcode:1979RvMP...51..447D. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.51.447.
Lighter:
iron-55
Iron-56 is an
isotope of iron
Heavier:
iron-57
Decay product of:
manganese-56
cobalt-56
Decay chain
of iron-56
Decays to:
Stable