Irish College, Antwerp

Irish College, Antwerp, was an Irish Pastoral College, dedicated to St. Patrick for Irish Secular Priests, which opened circa 1600 during the Penal Laws in Antwerp,[1] in what is now Belgium.[2] It was a satellite college of the Irish College, Douai.[3] The College was redeveloped in 1629 by Lawrence Sedgrave a Leinster priest (from a wealthy catholic family which included a former Lord Mayor of Dublin Walter Sedgrave) who bought the premises.[4] Students attended lectures at the Jesuit college at Antwerp, where Irish Jesuit was a professor Fr. Richard Archdeacon (Arsdekin), S.J. taught, later from 1716 students studied at the Antwerp Diocesean Seminary in Schoenmarkt.[5]

Irish College Antwerp
Dutch: Iers College te Antwerpen
Other names
College of the Irish Priests in Antwerp
Parent institution
Irish College, Douai
Religious affiliation
Roman Catholic
Academic affiliation
Jesuit College Antwerp

Where previously the College was in total control of its President Sedgrave, Talbot, and Eustace, from 1677 the College became more under the control of the diocese under the brief tenure of Bishop of Antwerp Aubertus van den Eede, this was in line with the Council of Trent decrees. It was following James Clears appointment as president, and the episcopacy of Joannes Ferdinandus Van Beughem as Bishop of Antwerp, in 1679, that the first formal set of rules and regulations were agreed and printed.

The college closed, as were the other Irish Colleges, following the French Revolution and the occupation of Belgium in 1795.[6] The Franciscan Bishop Leighlin Francisco de Ribera resided in the Irish College Antwerp, when he could not stay in Ireland.[7] The Belgian Jesuit and religious writer (of Irish extraction) William Stanyhurst SJ, taught at the Irish college in Antwerp.

Rectors/Presidents edit

Following his dead Fr. Sedgraves' nephew Rev. James Talbot succeeded him as Rector/President in 1633, Talbot was followed by Nicholas Eustace (1642–1677), other Rectors/Presidents include James Cleer (1677–), John Egan, Martin Caddan, Peter Hennessy, Michael Hennessy (1704–1730), John Kent (1731–1732), Daniel O'Reilly (1732–1747), Hugh MacMahon(1747–1772 & 1774–1787), James MacMahon (1772–1774), and Hugh O'Reilly (1787–1795). Bishop Peter Talbot (1620–1680), archbishop of Dublin (1671–1680), served as chair of theology in Antwerp.[8]

References edit

  1. ^ Irish Colleges on the Continent
  2. ^ Fr. Christopher Cusack by Patrick M. Geoghegan, RIA / Cambridge Dictionary of Irish Biography
  3. ^ o'Connor, Thomas (2021). "Disputes in the Irish college, Douai (1594–1614)" (PDF). British Catholic History. 35 (4): 396–414. doi:10.1017/bch.2021.16. S2CID 243834317.
  4. ^ McNeill, Charles. "Irish Colleges on the Continent". Catholic Encyclopedia.
  5. ^ Nilis, Jeroen (1996). "The Irish College Antwerp". Clogher Record. 15 (3): 7–86. doi:10.2307/27699400. JSTOR 27699400.
  6. ^ Irish Colleges Catholic Encyclopedia,
  7. ^ M. Comerford, Collections Relating to the Dioceses of Kildare and Leighlin (Dublin, James Duffy & sons, [1883]), pp. 59-60.
  8. ^ Peter Talbot