Iris susiana (Mourning Iris) is a species of plant in the family Iridaceae native to Lebanon. This beautiful and big iris, with a span easily reaching twelve centimeters. It grows nowadays in Lebanon, Syria and Turkey where its survival is seriously threatened by excessive picking.
|Subgenus:||Iris subg. Iris|
|Section:||Iris sect. Oncocyclus|
Perennial. Rhizome short and compact. The glaucous, leaves are slightly curved, 25 cm long over 5–12 mm wide, Spathes slightly dilate at base. External tepals reflexed, ovate, 7 cm long over 4 cm wide, strongly spotted with purple on bluish-white background. Ungis covered with numerous hairs, occupying a broad surface, followed by a large purple-violaceous spot. Internal tepals erect, colored as much as external tepals or lighter. Veins white or purplish. Branches of style 2–3 cm long, lobes short, rounded; margin denticulate.
It blooms in May.
It has been cultivated since 7000 B.C.
One of the synonyms of the iris, I. sofarana owes its name to the summer resort of Sofar where it was discovered by a Mr Hartmann about one hundred years ago in 1899.
Distribution and habitatEdit
Distribution and habitatEdit
Irises can generally be propagated by division. It can be grown in sunny nooks within the rock garden, or on sheltered banks or in borders. It needs light warmth and well drained soils. It is thought to be easier to cultivate in south and west UK than in London, although in cold areas, protection during the winter is best.
Like many other irises, most parts of the plant are poisonous (including rhizome and leaves), if mistakenly ingested, it can cause stomach pains and vomiting. Also handling the plant may cause a skin irritation or an allergic reaction. 
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