Inverness Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)
Inverness Burghs was a district of burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain (at Westminster) from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (also at Westminster) from 1801 to 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP).
|Former District of burghs constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Major settlements||Inverness, Fortrose, Forres, Nairn|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Inverness, Moray and Nairn and Ross and Cromarty|
|Created from||Inverness, Forres, Fortrose and Nairn|
The British parliamentary constituency was created in 1708 following the Acts of Union, 1707 and replaced the former Parliament of Scotland burgh constituencies of Inverness, Forres, Fortrose and Nairn.
As first used in the 1708 general election Inverness Burghs consisted of four burghs: Inverness in the county of Inverness, Fortrose in the county of Ross, Forres in the county of Elgin and Nairn in the county of Nairn.
For the 1832 general election, as a result of the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, the boundaries of burghs for parliamentary election purposes ceased to be necessarily those for other purposes.
In 1918, as a result of the Representation of the People Act 1918, the component burghs of Inverness Burghs were merged into three different county constituencies: Inverness into the Inverness constituency, Forres and Nairn into the Moray and Nairn constituency and Fortrose into the Ross and Cromarty constituency. By this date, the county of Elgin had become the county of Moray and the county of Ross had been merged with the county of Cromarty to form the county of Ross and Cromarty.
Members of ParliamentEdit
The original electoral system for this constituency gave each of the four burghs one vote, with an additional casting vote (to break ties) for the burgh where the election was held. The place of election rotated amongst the burghs in successive Parliaments. The vote of a burgh was exercised by a burgh commissioner, who was elected by the burgh councillors.
The first direct election in Inverness Burghs was in 1832. The votes from qualified electors, in each burgh, were added together to establish the result.
Unless otherwise indicated, the primary source for the results was Craig. Candidates identified by Craig as Conservatives, in the 1832-1835 Parliament, are listed as Tories. In results for elections before the formal creation of the Liberal Party, shortly after the 1859 general election, candidates identified by Craig as Liberals are divided into Whigs and Radicals following Stooks Smith. Craig's registered electorate and vote figures are sometimes different from those of Stooks Smith, but Craig's figures are used below. For details of the books of Craig and Stooks Smith, see the Reference section below.
In terms of change in % votes and swing, the Conservative candidate in 1835 is related to his performance as the Tory candidate in the 1833 by-election. As there were two Tory candidates in 1832, no swing figure was calculated for the 1833 by-election.
Elections in the 1760sEdit
This is an example of a contested election, before the extension of the franchise in 1832. The election took place in Fortrose, so that burgh's commissioner had the casting vote which decided the election.
|Non Partisan||Hector Munro||3
|Non Partisan||Alexander Grant||2
|Turnout||5 (4 electors)||100.0||N/A|
|Non Partisan hold||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1830sEdit
- Death of Baillie in April 1833
|Conservative hold||Swing||-4.9 (W to C)|
|Conservative||James J.R. Mackenzie||317||48.5||-1.8|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||-1.8 (W to C)|
Elections of the 1840sEdit
- Resignation of Macleod in March 1840
|Whig hold||Swing||-2.0 (W to C)|
|Radical||Richard Hartley Kennedy||199||41.5||N/A|
Elections of the 1850sEdit
Elections of the 1860sEdit
Elections of the 1870sEdit
|Independent Liberal||Charles Fraser-Mackintosh||1,134||55.9||N/A|
|Liberal||Aeneas William Mackintosh||879||43.3||N/A|
|Independent Liberal gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal gain from Independent Liberal|
|Independent Liberal (Crofters)||Walter McLaren||1,546||47.5||N/A|
- Note (1886): Shortly before the 1886 general election, the Liberal Party split. Finlay joined the new Liberal Unionist Party.
|Liberal Unionist||Robert Finlay||1,619||54.6||N/A|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Elections of the 1890sEdit
|Liberal Unionist||Robert Finlay||1,562||49.2||-5.4|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+5.4|
|Liberal Unionist||Robert Finlay||1,846||53.6||+4.4|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.4|
- Seat vacated on the appointment of Finlay as Solicitor General for England and Wales
|Liberal Unionist||Robert Finlay||Unopposed|
|Liberal Unionist hold|
Elections of the 1900sEdit
|Liberal Unionist||Robert Finlay||1,829||55.5||+1.9|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||+1.9|
- Note (1900): Change and swing figures are calculated from the 1895 general election.
|Liberal||John Annan Bryce||2,304||56.9||+12.4|
|Liberal Unionist||Robert Finlay||1,746||43.1||-12.4|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+12.4|
Elections of the 1910sEdit
|Liberal||John Annan Bryce||2,440||59.7||+2.8|
|Liberal Unionist||Torrance McMicking||1,650||40.3||-2.8|
|Liberal||John Annan Bryce||2,367||56.6||-3.1|
|Liberal Unionist||P.J. Ford||1,812||43.4||+3.1|
- Constituency abolished (1918)
- "Inverness Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Inverness Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Inverness Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Inverness Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Inverness Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. pp. 204–204. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- "The Local Elections". Forres Elgin and Nairn Gazette, Northern Review and Advertiser. 3 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- The House of Commons 1754-1790
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "The General Elections". Paisley Herald and Renfrewshire Advertiser. 14 February 1874. p. 1. Retrieved 1 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Inverness Burghs". Dundee Courier. 20 April 1874. p. 2. Retrieved 1 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- The House of Commons 1754-1790, by Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke (HMSO 1964)
- The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "I"