This article may be too technical for most readers to understand.(November 2015)
The integral length scale measures the correlation distance of a process in terms of space or time. In essence, it looks at the overall memory of the process and how it is influenced by previous positions and parameters. An intuitive example would be the case in which you have very low Reynolds number flows (e.g., a Stokes flow), where the flow is fully reversible and thus fully correlated with previous particle positions. This concept may be extended to turbulence, where it may be thought of as the time during which a particle is influenced by its previous position.
The mathematical expressions for integral scales are:
Where is the integral time scale, L is the integral length scale, and and are the autocorrelation with respect to time and space respectively.
In isotropic homogeneous turbulence, the integral length scale is defined as the weighted average of the inverse wavenumber, i.e.,
where is the energy spectrum.
- O’Neill, P. L.; Nicolaides, D.; Honnery, D.; Soria, J. (13–17 December 2004). "Autocorrelation Functions and the Determination of Integral Length with Reference to Experimental and Numerical Data". 15th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference.