Indigenous cuisine

Indigenous cuisine[1] is a type of cuisine that is based on the preparation of cooking recipes with products obtained from native species of a specific area.

Indigenous cuisine is prepared using indigenous ingredients of vegetable or animal origin in traditional recipes of the typical cuisine of a place.

Contemporary indigenous cuisine[2] uses indigenous products to create new dishes.[3]

Chefs and restaurateurs using indigenous foods are aided by farmers who are reviving traditional varieties and breeds.[4]

Defining termsEdit

David Cook has asked how "indigenous cooking" can be defined, arguing that it can mean anything from techniques to ingredients, and that the ingredients can be further argued as using only pre-colonial ingredients vs. using post-colonial and invasive-species ingredients, concluding that "it all depends on your concept of [indigenous] identity."[5]

AustraliaEdit

In Australia there are chefs both "sticking to the old recipes (and) innovating new ones" using traditional ingredients.[6]

CanadaEdit

In Canada multiple restaurants owned by First Nations restaurateurs offer menus based on traditional ingredients such as beans, corn, and squash.[1] According to restaurateur Shawn Adler, one of the challenges is public awareness. "People understand what Thai food is, what Italian food is, what Chinese food is, what Ethiopian food is," he said. "But people don’t really understand what indigenous cuisine is."[1]

CaribbeanEdit

The concept was also used in the Caribbean.[7]

ChileEdit

The concept as such began to take shape and gain popularity in Chile at the beginning of the 2010s, when a restaurant dedicated to this style of cuisine in Santiago de Chile appeared in the ranking of the World's 50 Best Restaurants in 2014.[8][9]

El SalvadorEdit

In El Salvador indigenous cuisine is an "emerging movement...composed of young chefs who are integrating traditional foods into contemporary cuisine," according to NPR.[10] Fatima Mirandel said, "We take old ingredients from the [farming areas] and combine them in new ways. The flavor is new and exciting for our generation, and brings back a flood of good memories for the older people."[10]

United StatesEdit

Some US Native American chefs using indigenous ingredients in traditional dishes object to referring to indigenous cuisine as a "trend". Sean Sherman, a member of the Oglala Lakota and indigenous food activist,[11] said, "It's not a trend. It's a way of life."[12]

Vincent Medina, a member of the Muwekma Ohlone trib, serves acorn-flour brownies, a non-traditional dish made with indigenous ingredients, at his Café Ohlone by Mak-’amham.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Kassam, Ashifa (2018-01-19). "Canada embraces indigenous cuisine, a long-neglected culinary tradition". The Guardian. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  2. ^ "Indigenous Cuisine From Coast to Coast to Coast". Indigenous Canada. 2017-10-14. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  3. ^ "Boragó Restaurant: Endemic Cuisine that Recovers Mapuche Flavors and Techniques -". Retrieved 2019-05-28.
  4. ^ Gerlock, Grant (November 18, 2016). "Tribes Revive Indigenous Crops, And The Food Traditions That Go With Them". NPR.org. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  5. ^ Lee, Cora (2019-05-02). "Why Aren't We Talking About Indigenous Food?". Food52. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  6. ^ "Australia's indigenous cuisine is making a comeback". USA Today 10 Best. 2018-06-03. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  7. ^ "Los productos endémicos, el desarrollo y la culinaria; Cocina Caribe" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  8. ^ "Boragó; Latin America's 50 Best Restaurants 2018". Retrieved 2019-05-28.
  9. ^ Tobias Müller (March 17, 2017). "Die neue Küche Südamerikas - Falstaff" (in German). Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  10. ^ a b Jacques, Jaimie (June 27, 2018). "Young Chefs In El Salvador Are Breathing New Life Into Traditional Cuisine". NPR.org. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  11. ^ Figueroa, Francisca (2018-09-13). "REVITALIZING INDIGENOUS CUISINE". Edible Communities. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  12. ^ Judkis, Maura. "'This is not a trend': Native American chefs resist the 'Columbusing' of indigenous foods". Washington Post. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  13. ^ Wilson, Emily (2019-02-26). "How California's Indigenous Cafes Repair Colonial Damage". Eater. Retrieved 2019-06-03.