Open main menu

List of Indian musical instruments

  (Redirected from Indian musical instruments)
Lady playing pulluvan veena
Indian tribal drummer

Indian musical instruments can be broadly classified according to the Hornbostel–Sachs system into four categories: chordophones (string instruments), aerophones (wind instruments), membranophones (drums) and idiophones (non-drum percussion instruments).



Plucked stringsEdit

Painting of a woman with a sitar

Bowed stringsEdit

Tribal fiddle instruments called "Dhodro Banam" used by Santhal people in Eastern India.

Other string instrumentsEdit


Single reedEdit

Snake charmer playing pungi
Bansuri player at fort Jodhpur
Indian Harmonium

Double reedEdit

Free reedEdit

Free reed and bellowsEdit



Hand drumsEdit

Learning to play tabla
Tumbaknaer, drum from Jammu and Kashmir for accompanying devotionals
Chenda (top) and Chande (below) are different drums
Chande of Yakshagana

Hand frame drumsEdit

  • Daff, duff, daf or duf - medium or large frame drum without jingles, of Persian origin
  • Dimdi or dimri - small frame drum without jingles
  • Kanjira - small frame drum with one jingle
  • Kansi - small drum without jingles
  • Patayani thappu - medium frame drum played with hands

Stick and hand drumsEdit

Stick drumsEdit




Sound samplesEdit

External linksEdit