List of Indian musical instruments

Indian musical instruments can be broadly classified according to the Hornbostel–Sachs system into four categories: chordophones (string instruments), aerophones (wind instruments), membranophones (drums) and idiophones (non-drum percussion instruments).

Lady playing pulluvan veena

ChordophonesEdit

Plucked stringsEdit

Bowed stringsEdit

 
Tribal fiddle instruments called "Dhodro Banam" used by Santhal people in Eastern India.

+ Behala - Bengal Murshidabad Violin Persian "Behaaleh" (Restless)

Other string instrumentsEdit

AerophonesEdit

Single reedEdit

 
Snake charmer playing pungi
 
Bansuri player at Mehrangarh Fort at Jodhpur.
 
Indian Harmonium

Double reedEdit

FluteEdit

BagpipesEdit

Free reedEdit

Free reed and bellowsEdit

BrassEdit

MembranophonesEdit

Hand drumsEdit

 
Learning to play tabla
 
Tumbaknaer, drum from Jammu and Kashmir for accompanying devotionals
 
Chenda (top) and Chande (below) are different drums
 
Chande of Yakshagana

Hand frame drumsEdit

  • Daff, duff, daf or duf - medium or large frame drum without jingles, of Persian origin
  • Dubki, dimdi or dimri - small frame drum without jingles
  • Kanjira - small frame drum with one jingle
  • Kansi - small drum without jingles
  • Patayani thappu - medium frame drum played with hands

Stick and hand drumsEdit

Stick drumsEdit

IdiophonesEdit

 
A medieval instrument, labeled nagaveena (snake veena), is a type of musical scraper.

MelodicEdit

ElectronicEdit

Sound samplesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit