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The relationship between incarceration and health, compared to research on other social effects of incarceration, has been a topic of research for a relatively short period of time.[1] Most of the foundational research on this topic was conducted in the 25 years before 2015, and indicates that incarceration generally has negative effects on prisoners' mental health, but some positive effects on their physical health.[2] In the United States, the negative health effects of incarceration contribute to racial disparities in health between white and black women.[3]

Cardiovascular effectsEdit

Former prisoners have higher odds of hospitalization and death from cardiovascular disease, even after controlling for socioeconomic status and race.[4]


The incarceration of juveniles often results in adverse mental health consequences, especially in adult facilities.[5] Such incarceration is also related to worse health across the life course.[6]


  1. ^ Massoglia, Michael; Pridemore, William Alex (2015-08-14). "Incarceration and Health". Annual Review of Sociology. 41 (1): 291–310. doi:10.1146/annurev-soc-073014-112326. ISSN 0360-0572. PMC 6124689. PMID 30197467.
  2. ^ Wildeman, Christopher (2015). Incarceration and Health. Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences: An Interdisciplinary, Searchable, and Linkable Resource. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. pp. 1–9. doi:10.1002/9781118900772.etrds0179. ISBN 9781118900772.
  3. ^ Freudenberg, Nicholas (2002-12-01). "Adverse Effects of US Jail and Prison Policies on the Health and Well-Being of Women of Color". American Journal of Public Health. 92 (12): 1895–1899. doi:10.2105/ajph.92.12.1895. ISSN 0090-0036. PMC 1447348. PMID 12453803.
  4. ^ Wang, Emily A.; Redmond, Nicole; Dennison Himmelfarb, Cheryl R.; Pettit, Becky; Stern, Marc; Chen, Jue; Shero, Susan; Iturriaga, Erin; Sorlie, Paul (2017-06-20). "Cardiovascular Disease in Incarcerated Populations". Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 69 (24): 2967–2976. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2017.04.040. ISSN 1558-3597. PMC 6342510. PMID 28619198.
  5. ^ Lambie, Ian; Randell, Isabel (April 2013). "The impact of incarceration on juvenile offenders". Clinical Psychology Review. 33 (3): 448–459. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2013.01.007. ISSN 1873-7811. PMID 23454219.
  6. ^ Barnert, Elizabeth S.; Perry, Raymond; Morris, Robert E. (March 2016). "Juvenile Incarceration and Health". Academic Pediatrics. 16 (2): 99–109. doi:10.1016/j.acap.2015.09.004. ISSN 1876-2867. PMID 26548359.