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In der Maur (also written as In der Mauer, Indermaur and Indermauer) is an armigerous family of Swiss origin. A branch of the family, von In der Maur auf Strelburg und zu Freifeld, was elevated into the ranks of nobility within the Holy Roman Empire and the Kingdom of Bavaria.

In der Maur
In der Mauer
Burgher family
then noble family
Indermaur Family Crest.jpg
Green cloverleaf in gold, the Escutcheon of the In der Maurs of Berneck (from 1478)
Country  Switzerland
 Austria
Place of originRhaetian Alps, Switzerland
Titles
Connected families
TraditionsRoman Catholicism
Swiss Reformed Protestantism
Estate(s)Strehlburg
Freienfeld
Coat of arms of the Austrian branch of the family, In der Maur auf Strelburg und zu Freifeld

HistoryEdit

The In der Maur family originated in the Rhaetian Alps in Switzerland during the Middle Ages. The surname, from the German language, translates to "in the wall", possibly referring to a fortress, defensive wall, or a geographic moor.[1] The main branches of the family settled within the territory of the Holy Roman Empire that is now Eastern Switzerland, Southern Austria and Northern Italy.

Austrian branchEdit

In 1479 the In der Maurs who had settled in Habsburg-ruled South Tyrol[2] were granted a coat of arms by Frederick III of the Holy Roman Empire. On 23 October 1491 they were granted another coat of arms by Maximilian II. A third coat of arms was granted to six brothers and three male cousins of the family on 1 August 1586 in Innsbruck.[3] On 6 March 1601 the In der Maurs were elevated to the landed nobility by Rudolf II. On 23 June 1703 the In der Maurs were made barons by Leopold I.[4][5] The In der Maurs, as part of the Tyrolese lower nobility, owned a schloss and various Ansitze in Kurtatsch an der Weinstraße and Freienfeld.[6][7] In 1615 Caspar Indermaur funded the construction of the Catholic Chapel of St. Anna at Ansitz Strehlburg, one of the In der Maur estates in Kurtatsch.[8][9][10]

 
Ansitz Strehlburg and the Chapel of St. Anna.

On 19 October 1813 in Munich, Josef Sebastian Anton Indermauer von Freifeld zu Strelburg was granted noble status as a briefadel in the Kingdom of Bavaria through letters patent from Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria.[11]

The Austrian In der Maurs included the nobiliary particles von (descending from) and zu (resident at) in their surname as von In der Maur auf Strehlburg und zu Freienfeld, referencing two of their principal estates, Strehlburg and Freienfeld, in South Tyrol. The use of nobiliary particles in the surname was maintained until the nobility was abolished in Austria in 1919 and the use of nobiliary particles in the surname became illegal.

Swiss branchEdit

During the Medieval period the In der Maurs were elevated to the burgher class and granted the right to use heraldry. Throughout the late Middle Ages and into the early Renaissance period, the In der Maurs served as Burgomeisters of Berneck and tax farmers of Bernang,[12] appointed by the Prince-Abbots of St. Gallen.[13][14][15] In 1525, Berneck's population, facing political pressure, converted from Catholicism to Protestantism. By 1532, more than half of the residents had returned to their original religion. The In der Maurs of Berneck, who had adopted the religious reforms of Huldrych Zwingli during the Reformation and became Protestant, chose to remain in the Reformed faith.[16]

In 1590 Hans Indermaur, a tanner from Berneck, resettled in Rheineck.[17][14] Indermaur's house was purchased in the 1700s by the municipality of Rheineck and was converted into an orphanage. The building is now a historic landmark and the house's cellar, once used as a tannery, is now a performance venue.[18]

A restaurant in Rorschach, Zum goldenen Fass, was started by Johann Indermaur of Berneck in 1905 and is still owned and operated by the family.[19] The family owns the Maienhalde estate, a winery and vineyard in Berneck.[20][21] The family also owned a furniture manufacturing company in Goldach for 105 years.[22]

Dutch lineEdit

In the middle of the eighteenth century Paulus In der Maur of Berneck (1732–1805) moved from Switzerland to Schoonhoven, South Holland, the Netherlands, thus creating a Dutch branch of the family.[23][15] His descendants later settled in Utrecht, Gouda, Rotterdam, and Dordrecht. This line included two prominent organ builders, Johann Frederik In der Maur (1790–1836) and Johannes Casper In der Maur (1817–1860). Paulus In der Maur's great-grandson, George In der Maur (1831–1889), moved to Batavia, Dutch East Indies (present-day Jakarta, Indonesia), where he married and had seven children.[15][24]

English lineEdit

Johannes In der Maur of Berneck (b. 1748), son of Herman In der Mauer (b. 1719) and Anna Schreiberin, moved with his wife Margaretha Oberhausler from Switzerland to England. They had three children; Herman Indermaur (b. 1776), Anna Regula Indermaur (b. 1778), and Henry Indermaur (1788 –1848).[25] The English In der Maur line continued with descendants settling in Middlesex and Somerset. In 1952, Minnie Rose Carpenter (b. 1919) of Gillingham, the wife of David George Indermaur, departed from Southampton with her daughters Barbara Catherine Indermaur (b. 1944) and Jean Elizabeth Indermaur (b. 1949) to join her husband in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.[26]

Notable family membersEdit

ResidencesEdit

 
Ansitz Freienfeld in Kurtatsch

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Dixon 1857, p. 39.
  2. ^ Traunsteiner, Joseph (1842). Monographie der Weiden von Tirol und Borarlberg (in German). Innsbruck: Wagner'schen Schriften. p. 53. OCLC 175304763.
  3. ^ von Goldegg 1875, p. 122.
  4. ^ http://www.austroaristo.com/joodbnew/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=775:tirolgra-strehlburg&catid=25&Itemid=105
  5. ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptista (1875). Armorial général, contenant la description des armoiries des familles nobles et patriciennes de l'Europe: précédé d'un dictionnaire des termes du blason (in French). Amsterdam: G.T. Bom. p. 689.
  6. ^ Südtiroler Unterland (2) 2017.
  7. ^ Südtiroler Unterland 2017.
  8. ^ Kurtatsch 2017.
  9. ^ Abteilung Denkmalpflege 2006, p. 16.
  10. ^ http://www.austroaristo.com/joodbnew/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3922:hye-wappen-tirol&catid=10&Itemid=104
  11. ^ O. Maass' Söhne 1905, p. 327.
  12. ^ Göldi, Johannes (1897). St. Gallische Gemeinde-Archive. 3 Der Hof Bernang (in German). St. Gallen.
  13. ^ "Indermaur von Berneck SG". The Swiss Genealogical Heraldic Web Catalog. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  14. ^ a b http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/famn/index.php
  15. ^ a b c http://genealogie.genealogie.joosen.org/genealogie/in-der-maur-uit-berneck/
  16. ^ Gemeinde Berneck 2017.
  17. ^ http://richardpyoung.org/getperson.php?personID=I11588&tree=young01
  18. ^ Seiler 2010.
  19. ^ Schneeberger, Valentin (18 July 2013). "Im "Fässli" gibt's kein Bier mehr". Tagblatt (in German). Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  20. ^ "Maienhalde". Maienhalde. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  21. ^ http://epicurean-traveler.com/the-ostschweiz-northeastern-switzerland/
  22. ^ https://www.tagblatt.ch/ostschweiz/stgallen-gossau-rorschach/veraenderung-moebelhaus-muss-weichen-ld.530045?mktcid=smsh&mktcval=Facebook&fbclid=IwAR3PJ5vgX_Go_PvbLXGOzHBBf839BBUf_a67w-SSy1sOwgEk4aHjPfrsSP4
  23. ^ https://www.geni.com/people/Paulus-in-der-Maur/6000000033128280887
  24. ^ Nieuwsblad Voor Den Boekhandel. 54. Amsterdam. pp. 35, 590. OCLC 1696662.
  25. ^ https://www.ancestry.com/genealogy/records/john-indermaur_134136849
  26. ^ "INDERMAUR". Western Australia Museum. Retrieved 22 November 2018.

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

Veronika Gruber: Kurtatsch und sein Gebiet im Wandel der Zeit, Kurtatsch 1995 (German), online version: online