Ignazio Hugford

Ignazio Hugford, or Ignatius Heckford (1703–1778), was an Italian painter active mostly in Tuscany in an early Neoclassic style.

A miracle of St. Francis of Paola by Hugford.

Life and workEdit

Ignazio Hugford was born in Pisa, the son of a resident English watchmaker who worked for the House of Medici.

Hugford was at the age of 9 an apprentice with Anton Domenico Gabbiani. In 1745, he painted over a dozen canvases for the refectory of the Benedictine Abbey of Vallombrosa, where his brother, Ferdinando Enrico, became abbot. Hugford was also instrumental in the development of techniques for scagliola.[1] Hugford joined the Accademia del Disegno of Florence, and published a biography on his mentor. He was also involved in designs for works in scagliola. Among his masterpieces in painting is the Countess Matilde Donates her Riches to the Church in the church of San Bartolommeo in Pantano in Pistoia.[2] In the same Pistoiese church are canvasses of St. Peter crosses the fire and Sant'Atto receives the relics of San Jacopo. The Pieve di S. Andrea a Doccia houses an altarpiece of Saints Charles Borromeo, Philip Neri and Antonio Abate before a Crucifix (1776). His Tobias Returns Sight to his Father (c. 1741) can be found in the Church of Santa Felicita, Florence.[3]

Hugford died in Florence. Nowadays he is more known as a critic, art scholar, and for his efforts as an agent for collectors. Among his pupils were Francesco Bartolozzi, Lamberto Cristiano Gori, Giovanni Battista Cipriani (Giuseppe Cipriani), and Sante Pacini.


  1. ^ The History of Painting in Italy from the period of the Revival of the Fine Arts to the End of the Eighteenth Century: Luigi Lanzi, translation by Thomas Roscoe. Volume 1, page 346. Googlebooks
  2. ^ "Pistoia, Italy" (description), webpage: pistoia.turismo.toscana.it-ptsbart Archived 2006-11-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ C. Ricci, The Church of Santa Felicita in Florence (Florence: Mandragora, 2000), 27.


  • Giovanna Perini, "Dresden and the Italian art market in the eighteenth century: Ignazio Hugford and Giovanni Ludovic Harrier eagles", The Burlington Magazine , 1993, vol. 135, not. 1085, pp. 550–559.
  • Bruce Cole; Ulrich Middeldorf. Masaccio, Lippi, or Hugford?,

The Burlington Magazine (1971) pp. 500–505, 507.