Ignác Alpár

Ignác Alpár József (born Schöckl József; 17 January 1855 in Pest – 27 April 1928 in Zürich) was a Hungarian architect.[1]

Ignác Alpár (ca.1905)
Vajdahunyad castle in Budapest

CareerEdit

Alpár began his career as a stonemason, then worked under architect Alajos Hauszmann. After completing formal studies in Berlin, he returned to Budapest to work under Imre Steindl and Hauszmann again. He began independent practice in 1890, working mainly on public projects in a historicist, eclectic style.[1] The most well known of these is the so-called Vajdahunyad Castle built for the millenary celebrations in 1896, which incorporated architectural styles practised in Hungary from the Middle Ages to the Baroque period.

BuildingsEdit

  • Town halls: Sighişoara, Cluj-Napoca, Deva, Nyíregyháza, etc.
  • Colleges: Eötvös College
  • Churches: Sighişoara Reformed Church, Braşov Reformed Church (demolished 1963)
  • Baths: Băile Herculane
  • Banks: Hungarian National Bank, Budapest (1902–05); Hungarian National Trade Bank (long time functioned as the building of the Ministry of Home Affairs); General Hungarian Credit Bank (currently the building of the Ministry of Finance); First Hungarian Savings Bank (currently the building of the Treasury)
  • Former Stock Exchange building, Budapest (long time housed the Hungarian National Television)
  • Anker Palace, Budapest

LegacyEdit

  • In 1958 the Ignác Alpár memorial prize was established by the Society of Architects, which is awarded annually for significant achievements in building.
  • There is a statue of Alpár in front of the Vajdahunyad castle by Ede Telcs. He is depicted wearing the robes of a master architect from the Middle Ages.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ignác Alpár, Hungarian Electronic Library, retrieved 6 May 2012 (in Hungarian)