Ibn Abi'l-Hadid

‘Izz al-Dīn ‘Abu Hamīd ‘Abd al-Hamīd bin Hībat-Allah ibn Abi al-Hadīd al Mutazilī al-Mada'ini[1][2][3] (Arabic: ابو حامد عز الدین عبدالحمید بن ابی الحُسین ھبۃ اللہ بن محمد بن محمد بن الحُسین بن ابی الحَدِید المَدائنی المعتزلی), also known as Ibn abi'l-Hadid (30 December 1190 – June 1258; 586–656 AH), was a Shafe'i[4] Mutazili[5][6][7] scholar and writer during the Middle Ages. He studied under Abu'l-Khayr Musaddiq ibn Shabib al-Wasiti (died AD 1208/605 AH)[8] and is best known for his commentary on the Nahj al-Balagha, which he titled Sharh Nahj al-Balagha.

Abu Hamid Abd al-Hamid ibn Hibat-Allah ibn Abi al-Hadid al Mutazili al-Mada'ini
TitleGlory of the Dīn (Izz al-Dīn)
ابو حامد عز الدین
Personal
Born
عبدالحمید بن ابی الحُسین ھبۃ اللہ بن محمد بن محمد بن الحُسین بن ابی الحَدِید المَدائنی

30 December 1190
DiedJune, 1258 (aged 70)
ReligionIslam
RegionBaghdad, Madain
JurisprudenceShafi'i
CreedMu'tazili
Main interest(s)History, Hadith
Notable work(s)Sharḥ Nahj al-Balāgha
Muslim leader
Influenced by
  • Abu'l-Khayr Musaddiq ibn Shabib al-Wasiti

BirthEdit

Ibn Abi'l-Hadid was born on Sunday, 1st Zulhijja, 586 AH/ 30 December 1190 AD in the city of al-Mada'in, now Salman Pak, Baghdad Governorate, [[Iran

ViewsEdit

Regarding the fabrications of Hadiths, he said that "lies" had been introduced into the hadith collections of Shi'ites in order to favour their Imam, Ali, or due to their enmity with other religious groups.[9] Regarding the early Caliphate, Al-Hadid explains Ali's position during the early Caliphates in his commentary in his Sharh Nahjul Balagha. According to him Ali did not approve of the Rashidun Caliphate and did not follow them in prayers. Sunni Sihah Sittah are full of lies as well.He further states that he follows the example of Ali and does not go beyond that, going as far as to curse Muaawiyah.[10]

WorksEdit

  • Comments on the Peak of Eloquence (Arabic: شرح نهج البلاغة, romanizedSharḥ Nahj al-Balāghah); a commentary on the Nahj al-Balagha, a collection of traditions attributed to Ali ibn Abi Talib. A 20-volume edition was published by Muhammad Abu l-Fadl Ibrahim (Cairo: 'Isa al-Babi al-Halabi) between 1959 and 1964.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936, Volume 2 by Martijn Theodoor Houtsma, 1987, p736
  2. ^ Ibn Khallikan's biographical dictionary by Ibn Khallikān, 1868, p543
  3. ^ Authority and political culture in Shi'ism by Saïd Amir Arjomand, 1988, p233
  4. ^ "wafat al ayan".. By Ibn Khalikkan , on the entry of ibn Abil Hadid, (وفيات الأعيان وأنباء أبناء الزمان: واشتغل بفقه الإمام الشافعي)
  5. ^ The life of Caliph Ali by Abul Hasan Alī Nadvī, Academy of Islamic Research & Publications, 1991, p88, "..The great Mutazilli scholar Ibn Abi al-Hadid, author of Sharh Nahjul Balagha..."
  6. ^ The Islamic review: Volume 49, Khwajah Kamal al-Din, 1961, p29, "we will do well to quote the views of Ibn abi'l-Hadid who was a moderate Shi'ah..."
  7. ^ Harvard Middle Eastern and Islamic review, Volumes 2-3, Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Harvard University, 1995, p55, "Ibn Abi al-Hadid (d. 1257), the well- known Mu'tazili ..."
  8. ^ "Nahjul Balagha Part 1, The Sermons". Al-Islam.org. Archived from the original on 2006-03-07. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  9. ^ Sharh Najh ul Balagha by Izz al-Din Abd al-Hamid ibn Hibat-Allah ibn Abi al-Hadid, Dar al Kutub al Arabiyya al-Kubra, Cairo
  10. ^ Harvard Middle Eastern and Islamic review, Volumes 2-3, Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Harvard University, 1995, p30

External linksEdit