I Walk the Line

"I Walk the Line" is a song written and recorded in 1956 by Johnny Cash. After three attempts with moderate chart ratings, it became Cash's first #1 hit on the Billboard charts, eventually reaching #17 on the US pop charts.

"I Walk the Line"
WalkTheLine1956.jpg
Single by Johnny Cash
from the album Johnny Cash with His Hot and Blue Guitar!
B-side"Get Rhythm"
ReleasedMay 1, 1956
RecordedApril 2, 1956, Sun Studio, Memphis, Tennessee
Genre
Length2:45
LabelSun
Songwriter(s)Johnny Cash
Producer(s)Sam Phillips
Johnny Cash singles chronology
"Folsom Prison Blues"
(1955)
"I Walk the Line"
(1956)
"There You Go"
(1956)

The song remained on the record charts for over 43 weeks, and sold over two million copies.[3] It has also been used on many LP's released from Sun Records, such as With His Hot and Blue Guitar, Sings the Songs That Made Him Famous, and Sings Hank Williams. It was the title song for a 1970 film starring Gregory Peck and a 2005 biopic of Cash starring Joaquin Phoenix.

Background of the songEdit

The unique chord progression for "I Walk the Line" was inspired by the backwards playback of guitar runs on Cash's tape recorder[4] while he was stationed in Germany as a member of the United States Air Force. Later in a telephone interview, Cash stated, "I wrote the song backstage one night in 1956 in Gladewater, Texas. I was newly married at the time, and I suppose I was laying out my pledge of devotion."[5] After writing the song, Cash had a discussion with fellow performer Carl Perkins, who encouraged him to adopt "I Walk the Line" as the song title. Cash originally intended the song to be a slow ballad, but producer Sam Phillips preferred a faster arrangement;[6] in the end, Cash agreed to the change, and the uptempo recording met with success.

On one occasion, while performing "I Walk the Line" on his TV show, Cash explained to the audience the reason for his humming during the song: "People ask me why I always hum whenever I sing this song. It's to get my pitch." The humming was necessary since the song required Cash to change keys several times while singing it.

The song's lyrics refer to marital fidelity, personal responsibility, and avoiding temptation and criminal behavior.[7]

"I Walk the Line" was originally recorded at Sun Studio on April 2, 1956, and was released on May 1. It spent six weeks at the top spot on the U.S. country Juke Box charts that summer, one week on the C&W Jockey charts and number two on the C&W Best Seller charts.[8] "I Walk the Line" crossed over and reached #19 on the pop music charts.[9]

The song was performed with the help of Marshall Grant and Luther Perkins, two mechanics who were introduced to Cash by his older brother Roy after Cash was discharged from the Air Force. Cash and his wife, Vivian, were living in Memphis, Tennessee, at the time. Cash became the front man for the group and precipitated their introduction to Sam Phillips of Sun Records. In 1955, they began recording under the Sun label.

It was re-recorded four times during Cash's career: in 1964 for the I Walk the Line album, again in 1969 for the At San Quentin album (a live performance), in 1970 for the I Walk the Line soundtrack, and finally in 1988 for the Classic Cash: Hall of Fame Series album. Additional live performances have been released since Cash's death, along with a demo version recorded prior to the formal 1956 recording session that was released on Bootleg Vol. II: From Memphis to Hollywood (Columbia/Legacy) in 2011.

Writing and compositionEdit

The song is very simple and like most Cash songs, the lyrics tell more of a story than the music conveys. (You've got a way to keep me on your side/You give me cause for love that I can't hide/For you I know I'd even try to turn the tide).

It is based upon the "boom-chicka-boom" or "freight train" rhythm common in many of Cash's songs. In the original recording of the song, there is a key change between each of the five verses, and Cash hums the new root note before singing each verse. The final verse, a reprise of the first, is sung a full octave lower than the first verse, the root note lowered from E5 down to E4.

When performing this song in recording, and in later live and television appearances, Cash would place a piece of paper under the strings of his guitar towards the tuning end. As he explained during a 1990s appearance on The Nashville Network, he did this in order to simulate the sound of a snare drum, an instrument to which he did not have access during the original Sun session.

Johnny, with the Temptations outside his door and a new wife at home, wanted the lyrics to say, "I'm going to be true to those who believe in me and depend on me to myself and God. Something like I’m still being true, or I’m 'Walking The Line.' The lyrics came as fast as I could write," says Johnny. "In 50 minutes, I had it finished."[10]

LegacyEdit

The song is included in "The 500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll", a permanent exhibit at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[11][12] In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked the song at No. 30 on its list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.[13] and also ranked it #1 on its list of the 100 greatest country songs of all time in June 2014.[14]

CoversEdit

  • Burl Ives covered the song, appearing on his album My Best.[15]
  • Jaye P. Morgan covered the song in 1960, the single charting at No. 66.
  • Dean Martin sang the song on his 1963 album titled Dean "Tex" Martin: Country Style.
  • The Everly Brothers recorded the song in 1963 on their album The Everly Brothers Sing Great Country Hits.
  • The Carter Sisters included their recording of the song on their 1967 album The Carter Family Sings the Country Album.[16]
  • Alien Sex Fiend released a cover of the song on the 1986 album of the same name.
  • Dolly Parton included a cover of the song on her 1984 album of covers The Great Pretender.
  • Glen Campbell recorded an infamously unreleased cover of the song. It was finally released in 1994 on his The Essential Glen Campbell Volume One album.
  • In 1998, Cash's former son-in-law Rodney Crowell covered the song as a duet with Cash on Crowell's album The Houston Kid. This version was titled "I Walk the Line Revisited" and peaked at No. 61 on the country music charts.[17] The cover does not utilize the original melody of the song, instead lyrics from the song, sung by Cash to a different melody, are incorporated into a new song by Crowell.
  • In 2004, the American rock band Live released a cover on their greatest hits album Awake: The Best of Live.
  • In 2014, Craig Wayne Boyd covered this song during season 7 of The Voice. The cover reached the Top 15 on the iTunes US Country charts.[18]
  • In 2015, Halsey released her cover as part of the deluxe edition of her debut album Badlands. It appeared in the official teaser trailer for Power Rangers.
  • Frank Iero released their cover of this as part of his EP For Jamia.
  • Tapio Rautavaara made a Finnish-language version of the song, called "Yölinjalla" (‘On the night line’). The Finnish lyrics tell about the hard life of truck drivers, who often had to drive through the night. The melody was originally credited as Rautavaara's own composition but this was revised in 2008.[19]

Chart positionsEdit

Chart (1957) Peak
position
US Hot Country Songs (Billboard)[20] 1
US Billboard Hot 100[21] 17

Laurent Wolf versionEdit

"Walk the Line Remix"
 
Single by Laurent Wolf
from the album Harmony
Released21 August 2009
Length2:53
LabelColumbia
Songwriter(s)Johnny Cash
Producer(s)Laurent Wolf
Laurent Wolf singles chronology
"Explosion"
(2009)
"Walk the Line Remix"
(2009)
"Survive"
(2010)

The song was covered by French house music DJ and producer Laurent Wolf and released in August 2009 as Walk the Line Remix.

Track listingsEdit

CD single
No.TitleLength
1."Walk the Line" (Radio Edit)2:53
2."Walk the Line" (Club Version)6:59
3."No Stress" (Zen @ Acoustic)7:35
4."Colombia"5:06

ChartsEdit

Chart (2008-2009) Peak
position
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[22] 18
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Wallonia)[23] 23
France (SNEP)[24] 8
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[25] 83

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "I Walk the Line - Johnny Cash - Song Info - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Johnny Cash". Rockhall.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ "Johnny then in the Air Force, discovered that his buddies had borrowed his reel-to-reel tape recorder. When he turned it on, he heard a haunting, organ-like sound. In Truth, it was guitar runs recorded with a tape running one direction and played back in the other ..." Johnny Cash, I Walk The Line - Through the eyes of a fan
  5. ^ Horstman, Dorothy (1976). Sing Your Heart Out, Country Boy, Country Music Foundation. p. 144.
  6. ^ Grant, Marshall (2006). I Was There When It Happened: My Life With Johnny Cash, Cumberland House Publishing. p. 54.
  7. ^ "'I Walk The Line'". Npr.org. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  8. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book Of Top 40 Country Hits: 1944-2006, Second edition. Record Research. p. 74.
  9. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits: Eighth Edition. Record Research. p. 110.
  10. ^ ""I Walk the Line" - Reverse Speech". Theopenscroll.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  11. ^ Henke, James. "500 Songs That Shaped Rock" (pdf). Infoplease. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  12. ^ "Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll: I Walk the Line". Rockhall.com. August 23, 2016. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
  13. ^ "The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
  14. ^ "100 Greatest Country Songs of All Time". Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  15. ^ "I Walk the Line (Remastered)". YouTube. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  16. ^ "The Carter Family Sings the Country Album - The Carter Family | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  17. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2008). Hot Country Songs 1944 to 2008. Record Research, Inc. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-89820-177-2.
  18. ^ "Digital Downloads". Roughstock.com. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  19. ^ Koppinen, Mari (2015-03-08). "Kantri-Tapsa lauloi tarinat kuin Johnny Cash. Sata vuotta sitten syntynyt Tapio Rautavaara kuului Suomi-countryn esitaistelijoihin" [‘Country Tapio sang the stories just like Johnny Cash’]. Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). Helsinki: Sanoma. p. C 17. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  20. ^ "Johnny Cash Chart History (Hot Country Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  21. ^ "Johnny Cash Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  22. ^ "Ultratop.be – Laurent Wolf – Walk the Line Remix" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  23. ^ "Ultratop.be – Laurent Wolf – Walk the Line Remix" (in French). Ultratop 50.
  24. ^ "Lescharts.com – Laurent Wolf – Walk the Line Remix" (in French). Les classement single.
  25. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Laurent Wolf – Walk the Line Remix" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.