IIHF Asian Oceanic U18 Championships

The IIHF Asian Oceanic U18 Championship was an annual event held by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) each at the start of every year for national under-18 ice hockey teams from Asia and Oceania. The Championships first held in 1984 and was played every year until 2002 where the competition ceased as teams were integrated into the World U18 Championships.

IIHF Asian Oceanic U18 Championship
FormerlyIIHF Asian Oceanic Junior U18 Championships
SportIce hockey
Founded1984
Inaugural season1984
Ceased2002
CountryAsia and Oceania
Most titlesJapan (10)
Related
competitions
IIHF World U18 Championship

HistoryEdit

The inaugural IIHF Asian Oceania U18 Championship, known then as the IIHF Asian Oceanic Junior U18 Championships, was held in Kushiro and Tomakomai, Japan between March 23 to March 30, 1984.[1] Japan then went on to win the 1985 and 1986 tournament. In 1987 the competition was expanded to five teams with the addition of North Korea who won in their debut season.[1] Tsutomu Kawabuchi was a key organizer of the inaugural event.[2][3][4] Four countries competed – Japan, China, South Korea and Australia, with Japan winning the tournament after being undefeated in their six games.[1]

In 1991 the first non-Asian or Oceanic team joined the competition. Mexico played only in the 1991 tournament and finished last after losing all four of their games.[5] 1993 saw Kazakhstan join the competition, who went on to win after winning all four of their games. New Zealand was also scheduled to join for the 1993 tournament but instead withdrew.[6] In 1997 Kazakhstan played in their last tournament with the following year the country pulling out to play in the IIHF European U18 Championships.[7]

The following year New Zealand and Thailand made their debut in the tournament finishing fifth and sixth respectively, with Thailand's 92–0 loss to South Korea being the worst defeat in an IIHF event.[8][9] In 1999 the Championship was expanded into two separate divisions with the winner of Division I gaining promotion to the World U18 Championships Pool B and the winner of Division II being promoted to Division I. 1999 also saw the debut of Chinese Taipei and the second non-Asian or Oceanic team, South Africa.[8]

In 2000 Mongolia joined the competitions Division II tournament which New Zealand won to gain promotion to next years Division I and North Korea won the Division I tournament and gained promotion to the World U18 Championships Division I.[10] The 2001 tournament was renamed the IIHF Asian Oceania U18 Championship, dropping the "junior" part from the name.[11] South Korea won in the Division I tournament and was promoted to Division III of the World U18 Championships. Mongolia won the Division II tournament but no teams were promoted as the following year the Championships were shrunk back down to a single championship. The 2002 tournament was held in New Zealand and was the last IIHF Asian Oceania U18 Championship held with all competing teams offered a spot in the World U18 Championships Division III. China won the last tournament after winning all five of their games.[12]

ResultsEdit

Year   Gold   Silver   Bronze Host city (cities) Host country
1984   Japan   China   South Korea Kushiro and Tomakomai Japan
1985   Japan   South Korea   Australia Seoul South Korea
1986   Japan   China   South Korea Adelaide Australia
1987   North Korea   China   Japan Jilin China
1988   China   Japan   South Korea Bendigo Australia
1989   Japan   South Korea   China Hachinohe Japan
1990   Japan   China   South Korea Seoul South Korea
1991   Japan   China   North Korea Jilin China
1992   Japan   North Korea   China Harutori Japan
1993   Kazakhstan   Japan   South Korea Seoul South Korea
1994   Kazakhstan   South Korea   Japan Beijing China
1995   Japan   Kazakhstan   China Obihiro Japan
1996   Kazakhstan   South Korea   Japan Ust-Kamenogorsk Kazakhstan
1997   Japan   Kazakhstan   South Korea Seoul South Korea
1998   South Korea   Japan   China Harbin China
1999   Japan   South Korea   China Nikko Japan
2000   North Korea   South Korea   China Changchun City China
2001   South Korea   China   Australia Seoul South Korea
2002   China   Australia   New Zealand Auckland New Zealand

Division II resultsEdit

Year   Gold   Silver   Bronze Host city (cities) Host country
1999   North Korea   South Africa   New Zealand Pyongyang North Korea
2000   New Zealand   Chinese Taipei   Thailand Bangkok Thailand
2001   Mongolia   Chinese Taipei   Thailand Seoul South Korea

Medal tableEdit

This table only includes medals won by the countries in the top division (known as Division I from 1999 to 2001). It excludes all medals won in the Division II tournaments.

Country Gold Silver Bronze Medals
  Japan 10 3 3 16
  Kazakhstan 3 2 0 5
  China 2 6 6 14
  South Korea 2 6 6 14
  North Korea 2 1 1 4
  Australia 0 1 2 3
  New Zealand 0 0 1 1

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Müller, 389
  2. ^ "2.128 Tsutomu Kawabuchi". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  3. ^ Valcourt, Daniel (2014-01-23). "Tsutomu Kawabuchi un membre du temple de la renommée d'IIHF est mort". RDS.ca (in French). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  4. ^ "Mr. Kawabuchi died, 88 years old Tomakomai comes from the international hall of fame with ice hockey". 47news (in Japanese). 2014-01-20. Archived from the original on 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  5. ^ Müller, 390
  6. ^ Müller, 391
  7. ^ Müller, 392
  8. ^ a b Müller, 393
  9. ^ Müller, 240
  10. ^ Müller, 394
  11. ^ "IIHF Championships 2001". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  12. ^ Müller, 394–395

ReferencesEdit

  • Müller, Stephan (2005). International Ice Hockey Encyclopaedia 1904–2005. Germany: Books on Demand. pp. 240–395. ISBN 3-8334-4189-5.

External linksEdit