IDF Achzarit

The Achzarit (אכזרית‎ in Hebrew: "cruel", female inflection) is a heavily armored personnel carrier manufactured by the Israeli Defence Forces Corps of Ordnance.

IDF Achzarit Mk 2
Achzarit.jpg
Achzarit armed with an OWS station
TypeInfantry Assault Carrier
Place of originIsrael
Service history
WarsSouth Lebanon conflict (1982–2000)
Second Intifada
2006 Lebanon War
Gaza War
Production history
DesignerIsraeli Defence Forces Corps of Ordnance
ManufacturerNIMDA
Produced1988–present
Specifications
Mass44 tonnes
Length6.20 m
Width3.60 m
Height>2 m (estimate)
Crew3 + 7 passengers

Armorcomposite
Main
armament
Rafael OWS fitted with a 7.62 mm FN MAG
Secondary
armament
2×7.62 mm FN MAG
EngineAchzarit 1 : Detroit Diesel 8V-71 TTA
Achzarit 2 : 8V-92TA/DDC III
Achzarit 1 : 650 hp (478 kW)
Achzarit 2 : 850 hp (625 kW)
Power/weight14 hp/tonne or 19.3 hp/tonne
TransmissionAchzarit 1 : Allison XTG-411-4
Achzarit 2 : XTG-411-5A
SuspensionKinetics modified torsion-bar
Operational
range
600 km
Maximum speed 65 km/h (Achzarit 2)
Rear view of an Achzarit
Achzarit Mk 2, upgraded version of the Achzarit for low intensity conflicts, 2016.

HistoryEdit

The Achzarit is based on the Soviet-built T-54/T-55 tank,[1] beginning with those captured from Arab armies during the Arab–Israeli wars. To make space for a troop compartment, the eight-and-a-half tonnes turret, the original superstructure of the chassis and the transversely mounted engine were removed.[1]Non-Explosive Reactive Armour was installed over the original hull.[2] The first model of the Achzarit entered in service in 1988.

DesignEdit

ProtectionEdit

The Achzarit is one of the best protected infantry carriers in service and can withstand both shaped-charges and armor-piercing projectiles which would destroy conventional IFVs. The manufacturers claim[3] that the machine can withstand repeated 125 mm APFSDS hits over its frontal arc. At 44 tonnes, the machine is exceptionally heavy for an infantry carrier. The fact that 14 tonnes of the vehicle's weight is made up of additional advanced special composite armor, gives some indication as to its high degree of protection.

WeaponsEdit

It is armed with three 7.62 mm machine guns, including one Rafael Overhead Weapons Station, a machine gun controlled from within the cabin, developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. As a lesson from the Second Intifada, a bulletproof glass turret was installed over one of the hatches to enable the commander to see outside without being exposed to small arms fire and shrapnel.

Several Achzarit in service have been upgraded with a 12.7 mm Samson Remote Controlled Weapon Station in place of the standard 7.62 mm Rafael Overhead Weapon Station.

OperationsEdit

Because of its heavy armor, the Achzarit is sometimes called a Heavy APC (HAPC).

Achzarit APCs took part in Operation Rainbow in Rafah, after a comparatively lightly armored M113 APC was destroyed by an RPG. Achzarit APCs were also involved in the Gaza War.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Achzarit". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2009-11-05.
  2. ^ Gelbart, Marsh (2004). Modern Israeli Tanks and Infantry Carriers 1985-2004. Osprey Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 978-1841765792.
  3. ^ Gelbart, Marsh (2004). Modern Israeli Tanks and Infantry Carriers 1985-2004. Osprey Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 978-1841765792.

External linksEdit