The IAR 13 is a Romanian low-wing monoplane fighter-trainer aircraft designed before World War II.

IAR 13
Role Fighter-trainer aircraft
Manufacturer Industria Aeronautică Română (IAR)
First flight 1933
Produced 1
Developed from IAR 12

Design and development edit

The powerplant for IAR 12, was an IAR LD 450 12-cylinder W-form watercooled in-line built under license Lorraine-Dietrich 12 Eb, that offered 450 h.p. (336 kW) at 1,900 r.p.m., similar to the type fitted to the first C.V. 11. However, due to the increased aerodynamic drag, the maximum speed at ground level decreased to 294 km/h. This unsatisfactory result, combined with poor handling characteristics experienced during early test flights, constrained Carafoli to improve the construction and try a new engine.[1]

The new project, called I.A.R. 13, was essentially similar to the abandoned '12', except for the fin-and-rudder. Its surface had been reduced and instead of a rounded shape it became oval. The fuselage, wings and the anti-crash pylon had all been retained, while the undercarriage suffered minor changes. The engine fitted to the airframe was a Hispano-Suiza 12Mc of 500 h.p. (373 kW) output at 2,200 r.p.m. that operated a two-blade, all-metal Ratier propeller. The more powerful engine helped to boost the top speed to 330 km/h, which meant a significant 12% increase. The overall flying characteristics were improved as well. Nevertheless, these significant results and the demonstration flights performed by Locotenent aviator Eugen "Puiu" Pârvulescu in 1933 did not impress the senior ARR leaders, still resistant to the new idea of a low-wing monoplane fighter.

Operators edit


Specifications (IAR 13) edit

Data from [2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 7.34 m (24 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.70 m (38 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 3.5 m (12 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 19.8 m2 (213.13 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,150 kg (2,535 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,530 kg (3,373 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 12Mc of 500 h.p , 340 kW (450 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 330 km/h (205 mph, 178 kn) at sea level
  • Endurance: 2 hours 10 minutes
  • Service ceiling: 7,900 m (25,915 ft)


  • 2 x 7.7 mm Vickers machine-guns in the nose of the aircraft firing through airscrew.

See also edit

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

References edit

  1. ^ "IAR-13". Retrieved 2019-06-17.
  2. ^ Grey, C.G. and Bridgman, L., Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1938.(1972). Newton Abott: David & Charles ISBN 0-7153-5734-4

Bibliography edit

  • Cortet, Pierre (May 1976). "Les chasseurs I.A.R: à la mode "Jockey" des années 30, mais en Roumanie..." [The I.A.R Fighters: In the Jockey Style of the Thirties, but in Romania...]. Le Fana de l'Aviation (in French) (78): 10–13. ISSN 0757-4169.