The rainbow surfperch or rainbow seaperch (Hypsurus caryi) is a species of surfperch found along the Pacific coast of North America from Cape Mendocino, California to northern Baja California, Mexico. This species prefers rocky shores over sandy ones, and is never found in the surf, preferring the edges of kelp forests down to depths of about 40 metres (130 ft). This species grows to a length of 30 centimetres (12 in) TL. This species is the only known member of its genus. The specific name honours Thomas Cary (1824-1888), a business man and amateur naturalist who was also the brother-in-law of Louis Agassiz who procured specimens that confirmed that this species was viviparous.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Hypsurus caryi" in FishBase. April 2013 version.
- Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (29 March 2018). "Subseries OVALENTARIA: Incertae sedis". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
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