Hunger artists or starvation artists were performers, common in Europe and America in the 18th, 19th and early 20th century, who starved themselves for extended periods of time, for the amusement of paying audiences. The phenomenon first appeared in the 17th century and saw its heyday in the 1880s. Hunger artists were almost always male, traveled from city to city and performed widely advertised fasts of up to 40 days. Several hunger artists were found to have cheated during their performances.
Hunger artists should be distinguished from two other phenomena of the time: "Fasting Women" such as Martha Taylor and Ann Moore who refused to eat while staying home, usually explained as some kind of miracle and later exposed as fraud; and "Living Skeletons", people of exceptionally low body weight performing in freak shows. Sigal Gooldin sees hunger artists as "a modern spectacular version of the disciplined self" that can be interpreted in Foucauldian terms in the context of "the modern governmentality of ‘biopower’".
- Vandereycken, Walter and Ron Van Deth (1996). From Fasting Saints to Anorexic Girls: The History of Self-Starvation. New York University Press. pp. 81–95.
- Peter Payer (14 December 2001). "Die brotloseste aller Künste. Eine kleine Geschichte der Hungerkunst". Wiener Zeitung/Extra (in German).
- Gooldin, Sigal (2003). "Fasting Women, Living Skeletons and Hunger Artists: Spectacles of Body and Miracles at the Turn of a Century". Body & Society. 9 (27): 27–53. doi:10.1177/1357034x030092002.
- Peter Payer, Hungerkünstler in Wien. Eine verschwundene Attraktion, Verlag Sonderzahl, Wien 2002. (in German)